International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research
Abbreviation: IJIAAR | ISSN (Online): 2602-4772 | DOI: 10.29329/ijiaar

Original article    |    Open Access
International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2022, Vol. 6(3) 246-254

Growth-Development, Yield and Quality Characteristics of Aronia Varieties Grown in Pots

Hüseyin Çelik, Besim Karabulut & Yahya Uray

pp. 246 - 254   |  DOI:

Published online: September 30, 2022  |   Number of Views: 93  |  Number of Download: 268


This study was carried out to determine the growth, development, yield and some quality characteristics of Nero and Viking Aronia varieties grown in open field and pot in Samsun ecological conditions. Three-year-old Aronia plants were planted in 80-liter pots containing a 1:1:1 (v/v) mixture (barnyard manure+soil+sand) and 5 plants were included in each replication. Number of shoots, flower buds and clusters, berry weight (g), yield (g/plant), firmness (N), number of fruits per cluster, must yield (ml/100g), TSSS (%) and pH values were measured in Aronia cultivars. In addition, monthly shoot growth rate (cm/month) was determined and phenological observations recorded. According to Viking and Nero Aronia varieties, the number of shoots (7.8 and 7.6 pieces), the number of flower buds (22.63 and 22.85 pieces), the number of clusters (45.06 and 44.80 pieces), the weight of berry (0.82 and 0.79 g), the fruit number in the bunch (21.45 and 21.53 pieces), berry firmness (4.90 and 5.35 N), amount of must (49.67 and 54.00 ml/100 g) and TSS (17.07 and 16.47) and pH values (3.65 and 3.52) were found to be close to each other. Bud burst (10 March), flowering (26 April), berry set (12 May) and harvest time (24 August) were also similar in cultivars. It was also revealed that while the shoot length was 97.47 cm and 95.47 cm on March 11, respectively, in Viking and Nero varieties, it reached 124.73 and 120.73 cm in August, five months later.

Keywords: Aronia, Yield, Viking, Nero, Aronia Melanocarpa

How to Cite this Article

APA 6th edition
Celik, H., Karabulut, B. & Uray, Y. (2022). Growth-Development, Yield and Quality Characteristics of Aronia Varieties Grown in Pots . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 6(3), 246-254. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2022.475.8

Celik, H., Karabulut, B. and Uray, Y. (2022). Growth-Development, Yield and Quality Characteristics of Aronia Varieties Grown in Pots . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 6(3), pp. 246-254.

Chicago 16th edition
Celik, Huseyin, Besim Karabulut and Yahya Uray (2022). "Growth-Development, Yield and Quality Characteristics of Aronia Varieties Grown in Pots ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 6 (3):246-254. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2022.475.8.

  1. Bolling, B.W., Taheri, R., Pei, R., Yu, M., Durocher, S.N., Brand, M.H. (2015). Harvest date affects aronia juice polyphenols, sugars and antioxidant activity, but not anthocyanin stability. Food Chem. 187: 189-96 [Google Scholar]
  2. Brand, M. (2008). Aronia: Native shrubs with untapped potential. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 67(3): 14-25. [Google Scholar]
  3. Dragoja, R.S., Svetlana, M.B., Petar, S.D., Jordana, N.M., Bojana, R.D. (2012). Initial growth and yield of the black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) grown on the dystric cambisol and calcerous chernozem soils and mineral composition of its fruits. Proceedings of the 7th CMAPSEEC: 284-290. [Google Scholar]
  4. Finn, C. (1999). Temperate berry crops, pp. 324–334. In: J. Janick (ed.), Perspectives on new crops and new uses. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. Press, Alexandria, Virginia. [Google Scholar]
  5. Gu, L., M.A. Kelm, J.F. Hammerstone, G. Beecher, J. Holden, D. Haytowitz, R.L. Prior. (2004). Concentrations of oligomeric and polymeric of flavan-3-ols (proanthocyanidins) in common and infant foods and estimation of normal consumption. J. Nutr.134:613–617. [Google Scholar]
  6. Hukkanen, A. T., Pölönen, S. S., Kärenlampi, S. O., Kokko, H. I. (2006). Antioxidant capacity and phenolic content of sweet rowanberries. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 54(1), 112-119. [Google Scholar]
  7. Jeppsson, N. (2000). The effects of fertilizer rate on vegetative growth, yield and fruit quality, with special respect to pigments, in black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) cv. `Viking’. Sci. Hortic. Hort. 83:127–137 [Google Scholar]
  8. Jeppsson, N., Johansson, R. (2000). Changes in fruit quality in black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) during maturation. J. Hortic. Sci. Biot. 75 (3), 340–350 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  9. Kaiser, C., Ernst, M. (2018). Jujube and aronia. Center for Crop Diversification Crop Profile, CCD-CP-10. Univ of Kentucky Coop Ext. Serv. 4p. [Google Scholar]
  10. Kawecki, Z., Tomaszewska, Z. (2006): The effect of various soil management techniques on growth and yield in the black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa Elliot), Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research, 14, 67-73. [Google Scholar]
  11. King, J. (2007). Aronia berries — What’s their potential? , accessed Jan. 2008. [Google Scholar]
  12. Kulling, S., Rawel, H. (2008). Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) – A Review on the Characteristic Components and Potential Health Effects. Planta Med 2008; 74(13): 1625-1634. doi: 10.1055/s-0028-1088306 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  13. Leonard, P.J. (2011). Aronia mitschurinii: Solving a horticultural Enigma. University of Connecticut. Master’s Theses. pp 183. [Google Scholar]
  14. Ochmian, I., Grajkowski, J., Smolik, M. (2012). Comparison of some morphological features, quality and chemical content of four cultivars of chokeberry fruits (Aronia melanocarpa). Not. Bot. Horti Agrobot. ClujNapoca 40 (1), 253–260 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  15. Pietta, P.G. (2000). Flavonoids as antioxidants. J. Nat. Prod. 63:1035–1042. [Google Scholar]
  16. Poyraz Engin, S., Mert, C. (2019). Determination of fruit growth in ‘Nero’ and ‘Viking’ aronia cultivars. Acta Hortic. 1265: 179-185. DOI 10.17660/ActaHortic.2019.1265.25 [Google Scholar]
  17. Poyraz Engin, S., Mert, C. (2020). The effects of harvesting time on the physicochemical components of aronia berry. Turk J. Agric. and For. 44: 361-370. [Google Scholar]
  18. Ristvey, A.G., Tangren, S. (2008). Nutrient uptake and use efficiency of four midAtlantic native species under different nutrient rates and urea. Proc. South. Nur. Assoc. Res. Conf. 53:57–62. [Google Scholar]
  19. Ristvey, A.G., Mathew, S.A. (2011). Aronia: Cultural and production consideration as an alternative crop. Combined Proceed. Int. Plant Prop. Soc., 61: 463-468. [Google Scholar]
  20. Scott, R., Skirvin, R.M. (2007). Black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa Michx.): A semi-edible fruit with no pests. J. Amer. Pomol. Soc. 61(3):135–7. [Google Scholar]
  21. Snebergrova, J., Cizkova, H., Neradova, E., Kapci, B., Rajchl, A., Voldric, M. (2014). Variability of characteristic components of aronia. Czech J. of Food Sci. 32: 25-30 [Google Scholar]
  22. Strigl, A.W., Leitner, E., Pfannhauser, W. (1995). Qualitative und Quantitative Analyse der Anthocyane in Schwarzen Apfelbeeren (Aronia melanocarpa Michx. Ell.) mittels TLC, HPLC und UV/VIS-Spektrometrie. Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch. 201 (3), 266–268 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  23. Strik, B., Finn, C., Wrolstad, R. (2002). Performance of chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) in Oregon, USA. In XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Berry Crop Breeding, Production and Utilization for a New Century 626 (pp. 439-443). [Google Scholar]
  24. Wu, X., Gu, L., Prior, R.L., McKay, S. (2004). Characterization of anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins in some varieties of Ribes, Aronia and Sambucus and their antioxidant capacity. J. Agricultural Food Chem. 52(26):7846–56 [Google Scholar]