International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research
Abbreviation: IJIAAR | ISSN (Online): 2602-4772 | DOI: 10.29329/ijiaar

Original article    |    Open Access
International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2018, Vol. 2(4) 278-284

Different Effects of Tomato Leaf Extract on Seed Germination

Burcu Kenanoğlu & Aslı Kor

pp. 278 - 284   |  DOI:

Published online: December 17, 2018  |   Number of Views: 124  |  Number of Download: 611


Pre-germination, osmotic seed applications induce germination improvement. Although they are made with traditional and chemical methods, they have recently become alternative nature-friendly, clean, inexpensive and most importantly plant-based (essential oils, medicinal plant extracts, propolis (bee gum), seeweed) applications. By these treatments, the loss of  production and yield which may be experienced in seed or seedling origins can be prevented, germination and emergence performance can be increased. In our study, three different varieties of sugar beet (Serenada, Turbata, Laila) and radish (Kara, Ufacık, Başak) were used. As a priming treatment, these seeds were germinated in the extracts of the lower, middle and upper leaves belonging to six different tomato varieties for 2 days at 25 °C. According to the results, the germination rate of the seeds of Seranada sugar beet cultivar is the best (69 %) with application of top leaf extract of Seyit tomato variety. In the seeds of the Turbata variety, Arzum germinated high (84%) in the middle leaf extract of the tomato variety. While the germination rate was generally high in the radish seeds, the location of the tomato leaves used in the extraction in the application results did not make a difference. However, tomato leaves extract was found effective in the first germination rates of Serenada sugarbeet and Kara radish seeds.

Keywords: Tomato leaf extract, Priming, Radish, Sugarbeet

How to Cite this Article

APA 6th edition
Kenanoglu, B. & Kor, A. (2018). Different Effects of Tomato Leaf Extract on Seed Germination. International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 2(4), 278-284. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2018.174.2

Kenanoglu, B. and Kor, A. (2018). Different Effects of Tomato Leaf Extract on Seed Germination. International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 2(4), pp. 278-284.

Chicago 16th edition
Kenanoglu, Burcu and Asli Kor (2018). "Different Effects of Tomato Leaf Extract on Seed Germination". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2 (4):278-284. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2018.174.2.

  1. Angelini, L.G., G., Carpanese, P.L., Cioni, I., Morelli, M., Macchia and G., Flamini (2003). Essential Oils from Mediterranean Lamiaceae as Weed Germination Inhibitors. J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 6158-6164.  [Google Scholar]
  2. Blunden G. (1991). Agricultural uses of seaweeds and seaweed extracts. pp.65-81. In: Guriy&Blunden.  [Google Scholar]
  3. Evans, E.X. and F.A., Blazich (1914). Overcoming Seed Dormancy: Trees and Shrubs. North [Google Scholar]
  4. Carolina Cooperative Extension Service. 1/99 HIL-8704.  [Google Scholar]
  5. Friedman, M. (2002). Tomato glycoalkaloids: role in the plant and in the diet. J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 5751-5780.  [Google Scholar]
  6. Friedman, M. (2013). Anticarcinogenic, cardioprotective, and other health benefits of tomato compounds lycopene, -tomatine, and tomatidine in pure form and in fresh and processed tomatoes. J. Agric. Food Chem., 61, 9534-9550. [Google Scholar]
  7. Groot, S.P.C., J.M. van der Wolf, H. Jalink, C.J. Langerank and R.W. van den Bulk (2004). Challenges for the production of high quality organic seeds. Seed Test. Int., 127, 12-15. [Google Scholar]
  8. Halmer, P. (2004). Methods to improve seed performance in the field. In: Handbook of seed physiology; Application to agriculture. (Eds.): R.L. Benech-Arnold and R.A. Sanchez. The Haworth Press. New York, pp. 125- 165.  [Google Scholar]
  9. Hopia, A. and M., Heinonen (1999). Antioxidant activity of flavonol aglycones and their glycosides in methyl linoleate. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 76, 139-144 [Google Scholar]
  10. Jalali, A.H. and  F., Salehi (2012). Sugar beet yield as affected by seed priming and weed control. Arch. Agron. Soil Sci.,  59. [Google Scholar]
  11. Kaya, M.D., G. Okçu, M. Atak, Y. Çıkılı and Ö. Kolsarıcı (2006). Seed treatments to overcome salt and drought stress during germination in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Eur. J. Agron., 24, 291-295.  [Google Scholar]
  12. Khalid A., G. M. N. Zaheer-ul-Haq, F. Feroz and A. H. Atta-urRahman Gilani (2004). Cholinesterase inhibitory and spasmolytic potential of steroidal alkaloids. J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol., 92, 477-484. [Google Scholar]
  13. Matsiyak, K., Z. Kaczmarek and R. Krawczyk (2011). Influence of seaweed extracts and mixture of humic and fulvic acids on germination and growth of Zea mays L. Acta Sci. Pol. Agric., 10(1), 33-45.  [Google Scholar]
  14. Mavi, K., S. Ermis and I. Demir (2006). The effect of priming on tomato rootstock seeds in relation to seedling in relation to seedling growth. Plant Sci., 5 (6), 940-947.  [Google Scholar]
  15. Mavi, K. (2016). Bio-Herbicidal effects of oregano and rosemary essential oils on germination and seedling growth of bread wheat cultivars and weeds. Rom. Biotechnol. Lett., 21, 1. [Google Scholar]
  16. McDonald M.B. (2000). Seed priming. In: Seed Technology and Biological Basis, Black, M and Bewley JD (Eds). Sheffield Academic Press. England. Chapter 9, 287-325.  [Google Scholar]
  17. Mukasa, Y., H. Takahashi, K. Taguchi, N. Ogata, K. Okazaki and M. Tanaka (2003). Accumulation of soluble sugar in true seeds by priming of sugar beet seeds and the effects of priming on growth and yield of drilled plants. Plant Prod. Sci. 6(1), 74-82  [Google Scholar]
  18. Nordberg, J. and E.S. Arnér (2001). Reactive oxygen species, antioxidants, and the mammalian thioredoxin system. Free Radic. Biol. Med., 31, 1287-1312.  [Google Scholar]
  19. Patade, V.Y., K. Maya and A. Zakwan (2011). Seed priming mediated germination improvement and tolerance to subsequent exposure to cold and salt stress in capsicum. Res. J. Seed Sci., 4 (3), 125 -136.  [Google Scholar]
  20. Pollock, B.H. and E.E. Ross (1972). Seed and seedling vigour in seed biology, Vol I (Kozlowski, T.T., ed). Academic Press, New York and London.  [Google Scholar]
  21. Slimestad, R. and M. Verheul (2009). Review of flavonoids and other phenolics from fruits of different tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) cultivars. J. Sci. Food Agri., 89, 1255-1270. [Google Scholar]
  22. Sivritepe, N. and H.Ö. Sivritepe (2008). Organic priming with seaweed extract (Ascophyllum [Google Scholar]
  23. nodosum) affects viability of pepper seeds. Asian J. Chem., 20(7), 5689-5694. [Google Scholar]
  24. Taylor, A.G., P.S. Allen, M.A. Bennett, K.J. Bradford, J.S. Burrisand and M.K. Misra (1998). Seed enhancements. Seed Sci. Res., 8, 245-256.  [Google Scholar]
  25. Taveira, M., F. Ferreres, A. Gil-Izquierdo, L. Oliveira, P. Valentão and P.B. Andrade (2012). Fast determination of bioactive compounds from Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. leaves. Food Chem., 135, 748-755. [Google Scholar]
  26. Teksan, B.Ö. and S. Kavak (2016). Kadife Çiçegi ve Gül Taç Yaprakları Demleme Çaylarında Ön Çimlendirme Uygulamalarının Biberde Çimlenme ve Çıkıs Üzerine Etkileri. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi.11 (1), 34-42. [Google Scholar]