International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research
Abbreviation: IJIAAR | ISSN (Online): 2602-4772 | DOI: 10.29329/ijiaar

Original article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2021, Vol. 5(4) 464-475

Impacts of Breakfast Eating Behaviors on Lipid Profile of University going Students

Aneela Hameed, Tooba Ghani, Adnan Amjad, Mamoona Amir, Muhammad Sameem Javed, Muhammad Junaid Anwar & Muhammad Amir

pp. 464 - 475   |  DOI:

Published online: December 31, 2021  |   Number of Views: 3  |  Number of Download: 205


Change in dietary patterns influenced the health status of people worldwide. The devastating burden of metabolic diseases is now the major challenge for developing economies. Mostly people skip their breakfast and used to consume higher quantities of fried foods during their craving conditions. These fried foods are leading cause of various disorders in body including hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular diseases. Current study was conducted to evaluate lipid profile and physical parameters of the graduate students (Healthy breakfast eaters, fried foods breakfast eaters and breakfast skippers). For this purpose, data collected through the questionnaire was utilized to estimate and evaluate some parameters (i.e., BMI, total proteins, total carbohydrates and total fats) about dietary habits of participants. The chemistry analyzer was utilized to determine the lipid profiling (i.e., Total cholesterol, Triglycerides, HDL, LDL, and VLDL) of selected candidates. The results depicted that the total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were observed higher in no breakfast eaters as compared to breakfast eaters and healthy breakfast eaters. Moreover, TCs (206.13±24.52mg/dl) and TGs (241.40±115.17mg/dl) were extraordinary higher in females and males of NBE groups, accordingly. HDL levels were lower and LDL levels were higher in non-breakfast eaters. BMI and Total fat were also higher in non-breakfast eaters indicating the increased health risks. Thus, to prevent chronic metabolic disorders the healthy eating pattern should be promoted.

Keywords: Lipid profiling, Cholesterol, Triglycerides, BMI, Breakfast habits

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Hameed, A., Ghani, T., Amjad, A., Amir, M., Javed, M.S., Anwar, M.J. & Amir, M. (2021). Impacts of Breakfast Eating Behaviors on Lipid Profile of University going Students . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 5(4), 464-475. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2021.415.11

Hameed, A., Ghani, T., Amjad, A., Amir, M., Javed, M., Anwar, M. and Amir, M. (2021). Impacts of Breakfast Eating Behaviors on Lipid Profile of University going Students . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 5(4), pp. 464-475.

Chicago 16th edition
Hameed, Aneela, Tooba Ghani, Adnan Amjad, Mamoona Amir, Muhammad Sameem Javed, Muhammad Junaid Anwar and Muhammad Amir (2021). "Impacts of Breakfast Eating Behaviors on Lipid Profile of University going Students ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 5 (4):464-475. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2021.415.11.

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