International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research
Abbreviation: IJIAAR | ISSN (Online): 2602-4772 | DOI: 10.29329/ijiaar

Original article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2021, Vol. 5(3) 311-321

The Determination of Botanical Properties of Forage Kochia Population Grown in Konya Conditions

Nur Koç Koyun & Ramazan Acar

pp. 311 - 321   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiaar.2021.378.6

Published online: September 30, 2021  |   Number of Views: 4  |  Number of Download: 21


Abstract

Adverse soil and environmental factors cause a decrease in pasture yield in our country. Shrub species are given importance in breeding studies carried out in order to increase the yield in marginal pastures in the world. Forage kochia (Kochia prostrata), which is a naturally growing and semi-shrub in Turkey's flora, shows tolerance to adverse soil and climatic conditions. This research was established in Konya in October 2017 according to the Randomized Complete Block Design with 4 replications. In the research, the morphological and yield values of the forage kochia populations collected from 5 different locations in Konya (i.e., Karapınar Kartal Kayaları, Bahri Dağdaş I.A.R.I, Campus Beltway-Selçuklu, Ardıçlı Rural- Selçuklu, and S.U.F.A. Forage Kochia Demonstration Garden) were examined during 2018-2019. We investigated the blooming time (Scoring), plant height (cm), canopy diameter (cm), number of branch, stem diameter (mm), shape of habitus (Scoring), leaf length (mm), leaf width (mm), color of anther and stigma (Scoring), fodder yield per plant (g) and hay yield per plant (g). In this study, the Campus Beltway- Selçuklu Population (3P) bloomed the earliest in this area between the end of August and early September (Score 5,36). Among the forage kochia populations showing semi-decumbent habitus (Score 7,05-7,63) the Karapınar Kartal Kayaları Population (1P) had the highest yield potential regarding plant height (i.e., 46,63 cm), canopy diameter (i.e., 50,50 cm), fodder yield per plant (i.e., 112 g), and hay yield per plant (i.e., 45,28 g).  In line with the findings obtained in the study, while the Karapınar Kartal Kayaları Population (1P) and the Campus Beltway- Selçuklu Population (3P) stand out in terms of yield and yield components. These results show us that each population is a valuable gene resource in plant breeding for pasture improvement.

Keywords: Bassia prostrata (L.) A.J. Scott (Syn. Kochia prostrata), Forage Kochia, Forage Crops, Yield


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Koyun, N.K. & Acar, R. (2021). The Determination of Botanical Properties of Forage Kochia Population Grown in Konya Conditions . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 5(3), 311-321. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2021.378.6

Harvard
Koyun, N. and Acar, R. (2021). The Determination of Botanical Properties of Forage Kochia Population Grown in Konya Conditions . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 5(3), pp. 311-321.

Chicago 16th edition
Koyun, Nur Koc and Ramazan Acar (2021). "The Determination of Botanical Properties of Forage Kochia Population Grown in Konya Conditions ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 5 (3):311-321. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2021.378.6.

References
  1. Acar R, 2013. KOP Doğal Alanlarında Bulunan Bozkır Otu  (Kochia prostrata (L.) Schrad.) Bitkisinin Önemi ve Mera Islahında Kullanımının Avantajları I. KOP Bölgesel Kalkınma Sempozyumu Bildiri Kitabı. [Google Scholar]
  2. Acar R, Dursun S, 2011. Some features and important of forage kochia (Kochia prostrata (L.) Schard.) inatural areas of Konya. Int. J. of Sustainable Water and Environmental Systems, 3, 2, 65-8. [Google Scholar]
  3. Acar R, Dursun S, Özkose A, 2013. Usage of Shrubby Trees to Provide as Bait Plant and Improvement Activities in the Arid and Desert Areas, Proceeding Book of Int. Conference of Ecosystems (ICE 2013), May 31- June 5 2013. [Google Scholar]
  4. Acar R, Koç N, 2019. The determination of yield and some yield components of different forage kochia (Kochia prostrata (L.) Schrad.) phenotypes collected and grown from natural areas. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 28, 2 A, 1429-33. [Google Scholar]
  5. Acar R, Koç N, Sumiahadi A, 2019. Investigation of yield, yield components and nutrient contents of wild rocket (Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) DC.). Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 12, 23, 1-6. [Google Scholar]
  6. Acar R, Ozkose A, Isik S, Acar B, 2016. Yield performance of forage kochia with different stem color under water shortage Konya province of Turkey. International Journal of Agriculture and Economic Development, 4, 1, 21. [Google Scholar]
  7. Anonymous, 2017. Kochia prostrata in Flora of China. http://www.efloras.org, (20.04.2017). [Google Scholar]
  8. Anonymous, 2019. National Plant Germplasm System, Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy), . National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. [Google Scholar]
  9. Aygün C, Olgun M, 2018. Çalı ve Çalımsı Bitkilere ait Gözlem Kriterleri. Gıda, Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanlığı, Tarımsal Araştırmalar ve Politikalar Genel Müdürlüğü, Eskişehir. [Google Scholar]
  10. Babalık A, Fakir H, 2017. Korunan ve otlatılan mera alanlarında vejetasyon özelliklerinin karşılaştırılması: Kocapınar Merası örneği. Türkiye Ormancılık Dergisi, 18, 3, 207-11. [Google Scholar]
  11. Bailey DW, Al Tabini R, Horton H, Libbin J, Al-Khalidi K, Alqadi A, Al Oun M, Waldron B, 2009. Potential for Use of Kochia prostrata and Perennial Grasses for Use in Rangeland Rehabilitation in Jordan. Symposium Proceedings. [Google Scholar]
  12. Bailey DW, Al Tabini R, Waldron BL, Libbin JD, Al-Khalidi K, Alqadi A, Al Oun M, Jensen KB, 2010. Potential of Kochia prostrata and perennial grasses for rangeland restoration in Jordan. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 63, 6, 707-11. [Google Scholar]
  13. Benson K, 1955. Phenotypic Variations of Kochia scoparia. https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/etd/3719 (05.08.2021). [Google Scholar]
  14. Blauer A, McArthur E, Stevens R, Nelson S, 1993. Evaluation of roadside stabilization and beautification plantings in south-central Utah. [Google Scholar]
  15. Clements CD, Waldron BL, Jensen KB, Harmon DN, Jeffress M, 2020. ‘Snowstorm’Forage Kochia: A new species for rangeland rehabilitation. Rangelands, 42, 1, 17-21. [Google Scholar]
  16. Davenport BW, 2005. Cattle utilization of forage kochia (Kochia prostrata) and its relation to forage quality and plant morphological characteristics. [Google Scholar]
  17. Freed R, Einensmith S, Guets S, Reicosky D, Smail V, Wolberg P, 1989. User’s guide to MSTAT-C analysis of agronomic research experiments. Michigan State University, USA. [Google Scholar]
  18. Gintzburger G, Toderich K, Mardonov B, Mahmudov M, 2003. Rangelands of the Arid and Semi-Arid zones in Uzbekistan, CIRAD-ICARDA, p. [Google Scholar]
  19. Guo H-c, Yan C, Wei Y, 2014. Study on the flowering dynamic, pollen viability and stigma receptivity of Kochia prostrata. ACTA PRATACULTUAE SINICA, 23, 4, 87-93. [Google Scholar]
  20. Harrison R, Chatterton N, Waldron B, Davenport B, Palazzo A, Horton W, Asay K, 2000. Forage Kochia, Its Compatibility Potential Aggressiveness on Intermountain Rangelands 162. [Google Scholar]
  21. Heldt H-W, Piechulla B, 2015. Pflanzenbiochemie (Bitki Biyokimyası), Springer, p. [Google Scholar]
  22. Kacar B, 1972. Bitki ve Toprak Kimyasal Analizleri. II. Bitki Analizleri. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi, Yayın No, 453. [Google Scholar]
  23. Kacar B, Katkat AV, Öztürk Ş, 2013. Bitki fizyolojisi, Nobel, p. [Google Scholar]
  24. Kitchen SG, Monsen SB, 2008. Kochia Roth: Kochia. In: Bonner, Franklin T.; Karrfalt, Robert P., eds. The Woody Plant Seed Manual. Agric. Handbook No. 727. Washington, DC. US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. p. 620-623., 727, 620-3. [Google Scholar]
  25. Lauriault L, Waldron BL, 2020. Genotype and Planting Date Influence on Establishment and Growth of Bassia prostrata (L) AJ Scott in a Semiarid Subtropical Dry Winter Region. Agronomy, 10, 2, 251. [Google Scholar]
  26. McFarland M, Ueckert D, Hartmann S, Hons F, 1990. Transplanting shrubs for revegetation of salt-affected soils. Landscape and urban planning, 19, 4, 377-81. [Google Scholar]
  27. Özköse A, 2012. Ankara doğal florasından toplanan çok yıllık çim (Lolium perenne L.) genotiplerinin bazı morfolojik ve tarımsal özelliklerinin belirlenmesi, Selçuk Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü. [Google Scholar]
  28. Safiallah S, Hamdi SMM, Grigore M-N, Sara J, 2017. Micromorphology and leaf ecological anatomy of Bassia halophyte species (Amaranthaceae) from Iran. Acta Biologica Szegediensis, 61, 1, 85-93. [Google Scholar]
  29. Sall J, Stephens ML, Lehman A, Loring S, 2017. JMP start statistics: a guide to statistics and data analysis using JMP, Sas Institute. [Google Scholar]
  30. Shamsutdinov NZ, Shamsutdinov Z, 2009. Halophytes usage for soil desalting and sustainable development of agriculture in arid regions of Russia. Kostyakov All-Russian Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation. [Google Scholar]
  31. Tamkoç A, 1992. Kayseri yoncasından seçme elçi klonlarının Konya şartlarında diğer varyetelerle karşılaştırılması, Selçuk Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü. [Google Scholar]
  32. Tilley D, Ogle D, St. John L, Waldron B, Harrison R, 2012. Plant Guide for Forage Kochia (Bassia prostrata), https://extension.usu.edu/rangelands/ou-files/USDA-Kochia.pdf (05.08.2021). [Google Scholar]
  33. TUBIVES, 2021. http://194.27.225.161/yasin/tubives/index.php?sayfa=1&tax_id=1917 (05.08.2021). [Google Scholar]
  34. Vaidya P, McDurmon A, Mattoon E, Keefe M, Carley L, Lee CR, Bingham R, Anderson JT, 2018. Ecological causes and consequences of flower color polymorphism in a self‐pollinating plant (Boechera stricta). New Phytologist, 218, 1, 380-92. [Google Scholar]
  35. Van Riper G, Owen F, 1964. Effect of Cutting Height on Alfalfa and Two Grasses as Related to Production, Persistence, and Available Soil Moisture 1. Agronomy Journal, 56, 3, 291-5. [Google Scholar]
  36. Waldron BL, Davenport BW, Malechek JC, Jensen KB, 2010. Relative cattle preference of 24 forage kochia (Kochia prostrata) entries and its relation to forage nutritive value and morphological characteristics. Crop science, 50, 5, 2112-23. [Google Scholar]