International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research
Abbreviation: IJIAAR | ISSN (Online): 2602-4772 | DOI: 10.29329/ijiaar

Original article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2021, Vol. 5(2) 213-220

The Effect of Gadolinium and Lanthanum on the Mortality of Daphnia magna

Volkan Korkmaz, Gokhan Onder Erguven, Numan Yildirim & Nuran Cıkcıkoğlu Yıldırım

pp. 213 - 220   |  DOI:

Published online: June 30, 2021  |   Number of Views: 4  |  Number of Download: 38


Rare earth elements (REEs) have been recently identified as emergent contaminants because of their numerous and increasing applications in technology. The impact of REEs on downstream ecosystems, notably aquatic organisms, is of particular concern, but has to date been largely overlooked. The purpose of this study were to generate toxicological information regarding these poorly studied Gadolinium and Lanthanum elements to determine the current risk associated with these elements. The results of this work indicate a notable D. magna mortality in high concentration of La and Gad. The findings from our study also indicate that Gad is more toxic than La. Due to this mortality effect of La and Gad to D. magna, it will be important for the ensuring continuity of the ecosystem to monitor especially aquatic environments and to treat them with appropriate treatment methods from contaminated environments.

Keywords: Gadolinium, Lanthanum, D. magna, Mortality.

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Korkmaz, V., Erguven, G.O., Yildirim, N. & Yildirim, N.C. (2021). The Effect of Gadolinium and Lanthanum on the Mortality of Daphnia magna . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 5(2), 213-220. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2021.358.6

Korkmaz, V., Erguven, G., Yildirim, N. and Yildirim, N. (2021). The Effect of Gadolinium and Lanthanum on the Mortality of Daphnia magna . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 5(2), pp. 213-220.

Chicago 16th edition
Korkmaz, Volkan, Gokhan Onder Erguven, Numan Yildirim and Nuran Cikcikoglu Yildirim (2021). "The Effect of Gadolinium and Lanthanum on the Mortality of Daphnia magna ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 5 (2):213-220. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2021.358.6.

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