International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research
Abbreviation: IJIAAR | ISSN (Online): 2602-4772 | DOI: 10.29329/ijiaar

Original article    |    Open Access
International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2023, Vol. 7(2) 220-230

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Silicon Dioxide on Some Germination and Vegetative Growth Parameters of Radish Cultivars in Saline Conditions

Kamile Ulukapı, Ayşe Gül Nasırcılar & Hatice Üstüner

pp. 220 - 230   |  DOI:

Published online: June 29, 2023  |   Number of Views: 66  |  Number of Download: 150


The salt tolerance level of the radish (Raphanus sativus L.), which has a rich nutritional content, varies depending on the cultivar (cv). In this study, which was carried out using two radish cv. (big red, little red), it was aimed to determine the effect of exogenous silicon dioxide (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 mM SiO2) applications on germination and vegetative growth parameters under salt stress conditions (150 mM NaCl). After determining the germination percentage (GP), germination index (GI), germination rate coefficient (CVG), mean germination time (MGT) and germination rate index (GRI) for germinating seeds, shoot and root length (mm), leaf width and length (mm), root and shoot fresh weights (g) were measured and seedling vigour index (SVI) was calculated. SiO2 applications had a positive effects on germination parameters in both cultivars under both non-stress and salt stress conditions. While 1.5 mM SiO2 application caused an increase in germination rate in little red cultivar, it was determined that 1 mM application was more effective under salt stress conditions and increased the germination rate by 2 fold (from 24% to 48%). In the big red cv., 2 mM SiO2 application had a positive effect on germination parameters both in salinty and unsalinity conditions. Exogenous SiO2 pre-treatment had also the positive effects on vegetative growth in both cultivars under stressed and unstressed conditions. According to the results of variance analysis, interaction was determined (***p<0.001) between cultivars and applications and all other parameters except root fresh weight. 1.5 mM application dose significantly increased all vegetative growth parameters in little red cultivar under non-stress and salt stress conditions. In the big red cv., a similar effects were obtained as a result of 1 mM SiO2  application.

Keywords: Germination, Raphanus sativus, Silicon dioxide, Priming, Vegetative

How to Cite this Article

APA 6th edition
Ulukapi, K., Nasircilar, A.G. & Ustuner, H. (2023). Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Silicon Dioxide on Some Germination and Vegetative Growth Parameters of Radish Cultivars in Saline Conditions . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 7(2), 220-230. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2023.568.6

Ulukapi, K., Nasircilar, A. and Ustuner, H. (2023). Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Silicon Dioxide on Some Germination and Vegetative Growth Parameters of Radish Cultivars in Saline Conditions . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 7(2), pp. 220-230.

Chicago 16th edition
Ulukapi, Kamile, Ayse Gul Nasircilar and Hatice Ustuner (2023). "Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Silicon Dioxide on Some Germination and Vegetative Growth Parameters of Radish Cultivars in Saline Conditions ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 7 (2):220-230. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2023.568.6.

  1. Acevedo, A. F. G., da Silva Marques, I. C., Dellabiglia, W. J., Ferraz, A. K. L., Basílio, L. S. P., & Broetto, F. (2022). Silicon as a mitigator of water deficit stress in radish crop. Scientia Horticulturae, 291: 110600. [Google Scholar]
  2. Ahmed, M., Qadeer, U., Ahmed, Z.I., & Hassan, F.U. (2016). Improvement of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) drought tolerance by seed priming with silicon. Archives of Agronomi and Soil Scence, 62: 299–315. [Google Scholar]
  3. Ashraf, M., Atta, A., Almas, M.H., Shahzad, S.M. & Imtiaz, M. (2020). Silicon nutrition effects on growth, yield and metal accumulation in radish (Raphanus sativus L.) grown with municipal wastewater. Journal of  Soil and  Plant Biology, 1: 129-137. [Google Scholar]
  4. Baghaei, M., Ashraf, S., & Alipour, Z. T. (2014). Effects of salicylic acid and silica on the nutrients absorption in the plant radishes under salinity stress. International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences, 3(10): 1075-1079. [Google Scholar]
  5. Baki, A.A. &  Anderson, J. D. (1973). Vigour determination in soybean by multiple criteria. Crop Science, 13: 630-633 [Google Scholar]
  6. Beevi, S. S., Mangamoori, L. N., & Gowda, B. B. (2012). Polyphenolics profile and antioxidant properties of Raphanus sativus L. Natural Product Research, 26(6): 557-563. [Google Scholar]
  7. Benech, A, R. L., Fenner, M. & Edwards, P. J. (1991). Changes in germinability, ABA content and ABA embryonic sensitivity in developing seeds of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. induced by water stress during grain filling. New Phytologist, 118(2): 339-347 [Google Scholar]
  8. Bybordi A. (2014). Interactive effects of silicon and potassium nitrate in improving salt tolerance of wheat.  Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 13(9): 1889-1899. [Google Scholar]
  9. Ellis, R. H. & Roberts, E. H. (1981). The Quantification of Ageing and Survival in Orthodox Seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 9: 373-409. [Google Scholar]
  10. Esechie, H. A. (1994). Interaction of salinity and temperature on the germination of sorghum. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 172(3): 194-199. [Google Scholar]
  11. Gamba, M., Asllanaj, E., Raguindin, P. F., Glisic, M., Franco, O. H., Minder, B., ... & Muka, T. (2021).  Nutritional and phytochemical characterization of radish (Raphanus sativus): A systematic  review. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 113: 205-218. [Google Scholar]
  12. Gutiérrez, R. M. P., & Perez, R. L. (2004). Raphanus sativus (Radish): their chemistry and biology. The  Scientific World Journal, 4: 811. [Google Scholar]
  13. Hameed, A., Sheikh, M.A., Jamil, A., & Basra, S.M.A. (2013). Seed priming with sodium silicate enhances  seed germination and seedling growth in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under water deficit stress  induced by polyethylene glycol. Pakistan Journal of  Life and  Social  Sciences, 11(1): 19-24. [Google Scholar]
  14. Jamil, M., Lee, K. J., Kim, J. M., Kim, H. S., & Rha, E. S. (2007). Salinity reduced growth PS2  photochemistry and chlorophyll content in radish. Scientia Agricola, 64, 111-118. [Google Scholar]
  15. Kaur, S., Kaur, N., Siddique, K. H., & Nayyar, H. (2016). Beneficial elements for agricultural crops and  their functional relevance in defence against stresses. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 62(7): 905-920. [Google Scholar]
  16. Kotowski, F. (1926). Temperature relations to germination of vegetable seed. Proceedings of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 23: 176-184. [Google Scholar]
  17. Kusvuran, S. & Ellialtioglu, S. S. (2021). Assessment of different organic matters on antioxidative enzyme activities and nutritional components under salt stress in salad rocket (Eruca sativa). Japs: Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 31(5): 1319-1328 [Google Scholar]
  18. Liang, Y.C., Chen, Q., Zhang, W.H., & Ding, R.X. (2003). Exogenous silicon (Si) increase antioxidant  Enzyme activity and reduces lipid peroxidation in roots of salt-stressed barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Journal of Plant Physiology, 160, 1157-1164. [Google Scholar]
  19. Manzoor, A., Bashir, M. A., Naveed, M. S., Cheema, K. L., & Cardarelli, M. (2021). Role of Different Abiotic Factors in Inducing Pre-Harvest Physiological Disorders in Radish (Raphanus sativus). Plants, 10(10): 2003. [Google Scholar]
  20. Nasırcılar, A. G., Ulukapı, K., & Üstüner, H (2021). Exogenous Silicon Dioxide Treatment in Carrot (Daucus carota L.) Under Salt Stress Conditions. Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi, 8(4), 1094-1102. [Google Scholar]
  21. Noreen, Z., & Ashraf, M. (2008). Inter and intra specific variation for salt tolerance in turnip (Brassica rapa  L.) and radish (Raphanus sativus L.) at the initial growth stages. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 40(1):229-236. [Google Scholar]
  22. Olivera Viciedo, D., de Mello Prado, R., Lizcano Toledo, R., Nascimento dos Santos, L. C., & Peña Calzada, K. (2017). Response of radish seedlings (Raphanus sativus L.) to different concentrations of ammoniacal nitrogen in absence and presence of silicon. Agronomía Colombiana, 35(2): 198-204. [Google Scholar]
  23. Parveen, A., Liu, W., Hussain, S., Asghar, J., Perveen, S., & Xiong, Y. (2019). Silicon priming regulates  morpho-physiological growth and oxidative metabolism in Maize under drought stress. Plants, 8(10): 431. [Google Scholar]
  24. Rhaman, M. S., Rauf, F., Tania, S. S., & Khatun, M. (2020). Seed priming methods: Application in field  crops and future perspectives. Asian Journal of Research in Crop Science, 5(2): 8-19. [Google Scholar]
  25. Romero-Arnada, M.R., Jourado, O., & Cuartero, J. (2006). Silicon alleviates the deleterious salt effects on  tomato plant growth by improving plant water status. Journal of Plant Physiology, 163: 847-855. [Google Scholar]
  26. Sivritepe, H.Ö. (2012). Tohum Gücünün Değerlendirilmesi. Alatarım Dergisi, 11(2): 33-44 [Google Scholar]
  27. Taqdees, Z., Khan, J., Kausar, S., Afzaal, M., & Akhtar, I. (2022). Silicon and zinc nanoparticles-enriched miscanthus biochar enhanced seed germination, antioxidant defense system, and nutrient status of radish under NaCl stress. Crop and Pasture Science, 73(5): 556-572. [Google Scholar]
  28. Tavallali, V., Rahemi, M., & Panahi, B. (2008). Calcium induces salinity tolerance in pistachio rootstocks. Fruits, 63(5): 285-296. [Google Scholar]
  29. Ulukapı, K., Nasırcılar, A. G., & Kurt, Z. (2020). Determination of Salt Tolerance Levels of Some Radish  Cultivars and Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Salicylic Acid on Germination in Saline Conditions. Turkish Journal of Agriculture-Food Science and Technology, 8(3): 632-637. [Google Scholar]
  30. Verkerk, R., Schreiner, M., Krumbein, A., Ciska, E., Holst, B., Rowland, I., De Schrijver, R., et al., (2008). Glucosinolates in Brassica vegetables: the influence of the food supply chain on intake, bioavailability and human health. Molecular Nutrution and Food Research., Suppl 2(S2):S219, 53. https:// S219–S219. [Google Scholar]
  31. Yildirim, E., Turan, M., & Donmez, M. F. (2008). Mitigation of salt stress in radish (Raphanus sativus L.) by plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. Romanian Biotechnology Letters, 13: 3933-3943. [Google Scholar]
  32. Zhu, Z. G., Wei, G.Q., Li, J., Qian, Q.Q., & Yu J Q. (2004). Silicon alleviates salt stress and increases antioxidant enzymes activity in leaves of salt-stressed cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Plant Science, 167: 527-533. [Google Scholar]