International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research
Abbreviation: IJIAAR | ISSN (Online): 2602-4772 | DOI: 10.29329/ijiaar

Original article    |    Open Access
International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2022, Vol. 6(1) 1-11

Root Architecture and Development of American Grape Rootstocks Grafted with Foxy Grapes (Vitis labrusca L.) Cultivars

Besim Karabulut, Hüseyin Çelik, Bülent Köse, Yahya Uray & Fatma Türk

pp. 1 - 11   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiaar.2022.434.1

Published online: March 31, 2022  |   Number of Views: 23  |  Number of Download: 70


Abstract

One of the important factors affecting rootstock performance in grafted grapevine production is root structure and its ability for different soil. In the present study, foxy grape varieties registered for the first time in the Black Sea Region in Turkey by the selection, and several American grape rootstocks were bench grafted. In this study; it is aimed to examine the root architecture of foxy grape grafted saplings for their root architecture and the development of rootstocks. In the experiment ‘Rizessi’, ‘Çeliksu’, ‘Ülkemiz’ and ‘Rizellim’ foxy grape cultivars grafted on 140Ru, SO4 and 110R rootstocks. WinRhizo root analysis program (Regent Instrument Inc. Canada, ver.2013) was used to determine rootstocks' architecture and development of grafted vine saplings. Roots prepared for scanning were placed on the scanning part of the device and transferred to the computer context. Root length and mean root diameter are two of the essential features that reveal the root architecture of rootstocks. In the study, root length (cm), root surface area (cm2), root diameter (mm), root volume (cm3), root tip number (piece), root branching number (piece), and root intersection number (piece) were determined. Total root length was determined between 330.05 - 595.40 cm ('Rizellim'/SO4 and 'Çeliksu'/140Ru) and mean root diameter of 2.04 - 3.13 mm ('Çeliksu'/140Ru and 'Rizessi'/110R). Negative relationships were found between root length and mean root diameter. Among the rootstocks, the highest root surface area was 399.67 cm2, root volume was 29.32 m3, the number of root tips was 1605.75, the number of root forks was 5421.89, and the number of root crossing was 671.61 on 110R rootstock. In all combinations obtained as a result of the study, it was determined that the rootstocks showed good root development and were in harmony with the new foxy grape cultivars.

Keywords: WinRhizo, American vine rootstocks, Foxy grape, Root architecture


How to Cite this Article

APA 6th edition
Karabulut, B., Celik, H., Kose, B., Uray, Y. & Turk, F. (2022). Root Architecture and Development of American Grape Rootstocks Grafted with Foxy Grapes (Vitis labrusca L.) Cultivars . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 6(1), 1-11. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2022.434.1

Harvard
Karabulut, B., Celik, H., Kose, B., Uray, Y. and Turk, F. (2022). Root Architecture and Development of American Grape Rootstocks Grafted with Foxy Grapes (Vitis labrusca L.) Cultivars . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 6(1), pp. 1-11.

Chicago 16th edition
Karabulut, Besim, Huseyin Celik, Bulent Kose, Yahya Uray and Fatma Turk (2022). "Root Architecture and Development of American Grape Rootstocks Grafted with Foxy Grapes (Vitis labrusca L.) Cultivars ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 6 (1):1-11. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2022.434.1.

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