Pen Academic Publishing   |  e-ISSN: 2602-4772

Original article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2020, Vol. 4(2) 231-241

Study of Initial Material of Vetch

Viliana Vasileva, Valentin Kosev & Yalçın Kaya

pp. 231 - 241   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiaar.2020.254.7   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2003-14-0003.R1

Published online: June 29, 2020  |   Number of Views: 18  |  Number of Download: 85


Abstract

The study was conducted in the experimental field of the Institute of Forage Crops – Pleven, Bulgaria for a three-year period. Ten vetch specimens (varieties and populations) different originated were examined – Bulgarian population (Vicia sativa); Bulgarian population (Vicia pannonica ssp. striata; Detenicka Panonska (Vicia pannonica) and Asko 1; Kowatschite, K- 25 331, K- 29 800, K- 30 553, K- 30 574, K- 30 671 from Vicia villosa. The main quantitative characteristics were analyzed: plant height (cm), height of the first pod (cm), number of pods per plant, number of seeds per plant, number of seeds per pod, weight of seeds per plant (g) and indicators: beginning of flowering stage (days) and duration of the growing season (days). Two-way ANOVA and variance analysis were used for statistical data processing. High values ​​of variation coefficient were found for seed weight (107.87%), number of seeds per plant (88.80%), height of first pod (30.78%), number of pods per plant (37.97%) and number of seeds per pod (27.45), and average variation for plant height (15.97%), respectively. The varieties of Vicia pannonica can be characterized as early ripening with a growing season duration of 244-246 days, the population of Vicia sativa as medium ripening (242-252 days), and from Vicia villosa (except K-29 800, Kowatschite and Asko 1) as late maturing (242-256 days). The varieties of the species Vicia villosa K-30 671, Asko and 1 K-25 331, which are well leafed and form long stems (142-151 cm), are suitable as parental components in the combinational selection in the direction for forage. The Bulgarian population of Vicia sativa was found to form the largest number of both, pods (87) and seeds (351). For other the numbers, the seeds per plant trait was between 116 (K-30 574) and 133 (K-30 553). In the direction of seed production the Bulgarian population of Vicia sativa can be emitted.

Keywords: Productivity, Vetch, Population


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Vasileva, V., Kosev, V. & Kaya, Y. (2020). Study of Initial Material of Vetch . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 4(2), 231-241. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2020.254.7

Harvard
Vasileva, V., Kosev, V. and Kaya, Y. (2020). Study of Initial Material of Vetch . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 4(2), pp. 231-241.

Chicago 16th edition
Vasileva, Viliana, Valentin Kosev and Yalcin Kaya (2020). "Study of Initial Material of Vetch ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 4 (2):231-241. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2020.254.7.

References
  1. Aleksieva, A., T. Bozhanska and Y. Naydenova (2016). Biochemical evaluation of breed lines of common vetch (Vicia sativa L. ssp. sativa) and opportunities to use them as green forage. J. Mount. Agric. Balk., 19 (3), 99-113. [Google Scholar]
  2. Aquilar-Lopez, E.Y., J.L., Boroques Dominquez, A. Morales-Osorio and M. De Guadalupe Gutierrez-Martinez (2013). Forage yield, chemical composition and invitro gas production of Triticale (x Triticose Wittmack) and Barley (Hordeum vulgare) associated with Common vetch (Vicia sativa) preserved as hay or silage. J. Agric. Sci., 5 (2), 227-238. [Google Scholar]
  3. Churkova, B., T. Bozhanska and Y. Naydenova (2016).  Feeding value of bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus L.) cultivar under conditions of the Central northern part of Bulgaria. Banat’s J. Biotechnol., 7 (14), 38-45. [Google Scholar]
  4. Cruz, C. D. (2009). Programa Genes: Biometria. University of Federal Viçosa, Viçosa, Brazil. [Google Scholar]
  5. Ćupina, B., A. Mikić, Ð. Krstić, S. Antanasović, B. Pejić, P. Erić and A. Ignjatović-Ćupina (2011). Mutual intercropping of spring annual legumes for grain production in the Balkans. Ind. J. Agric. Sci., 81, 971-972. [Google Scholar]
  6. Dimova, D. and E. Marinkov (1999). Experimental work and biometrics. HAI-Plovdiv 263 (in Bulgarian). [Google Scholar]
  7. Ilieva, A. and G. Naidenova (2016). Phenotypic evaluation of variability in quality traits of Hungarian vetch (Vicia pannonica ssp. pannonica Crantz) accessions. Rastenievadni nauki (Bulgarian Journal of Crop Science), 53 (4), 63–67. [Google Scholar]
  8. Karagić, Ð., V. Mihailović, S. Katić, A. Mikić, D. Milić, S. Vasiljević and B. Milosević (2011). Effect of row spacing on seed yield of hairy, common and Hungarian vetches. Rom. Agric. Res., 28, 143-150. [Google Scholar]
  9. Kertikov, Т. and D. Kertikova (2017). Study on Grain Yield in Spring Vetch Variety “Tempo” Depending on the Technology of Cultivation. J. Mount. Agric. Balk., 20 (6), 104-112. [Google Scholar]
  10. Kertikova, D., T. Kertikov, B. Yаnkov, M. Pehlivanov and I. Dimitrov (2012). Tempo-a new variety of spring vetch. Agricultural University - Plovdiv Agricultural Sciences, IV, 11, 119-124. [Google Scholar]
  11. Kuzmova, K. (2002). Quantitative assessment of wintering and spring varieties of peas in terms of earliness. Jubilee Scientific Session-120 years of agricultural science in Sadovo, Bulgaria, 109-112. [Google Scholar]
  12. Mehandjiev, A., M. Mihov, S. Noveva, R. Rodeva and G. Kosturkova (2006). Some results from the investigationon genetic improvement of Pea (Pisum sativum L). Field Crop. Stud., 3 (3), 397-403. [Google Scholar]
  13. Mihailović, V. and A. Mikić (2004). Leaf type and grain yield in forage pea. Genetika Belgrade, 36, 31-38. [Google Scholar]
  14. Mikić, A., V. Mihailović, B. Ćupina, B. Ðurić, Ð. Krstić, M. Vasić, S. Vasiljević, Đ. Karagić and V. Đorđević (2011). Towards the re-introductionof grass pea (Lathyrus sativus) in the West Balkan Countries: the case of Serbia and Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina). Food  Chem. Toxicol., 49, 650-654. [Google Scholar]
  15. Mikić, A., V. Mihailović, B. Ćupina, Ð. Krstić, S. Vasiljević and D. Milić (2010). Forage and seed yield components in four French landraces of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.). In: Huyghe C ed. Sustainable use of genetic diversity in forage and turf breeding. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Springer. pp. 127–130. [Google Scholar]
  16. Mikić, A., V. Mihailović, B. Ćupina, S. Vasiljević, B. Milošević, S. Katanski, R. Matić, V. Radojević and M. Kraljević-Balalić (2013). Agronomic characteristics related to grain yield and crude protein content in common vetch (Vicia sativa) accessions of diverse geographic origin. N. Z. J. Agric. Res., 56, 4. [Google Scholar]
  17. Mikić, A., V. Mihailović, B. Ćupina, D. Milić, S. Katić, Đ. Karagić, I. Pataki, P. D’Otavio and M. Kraljević-Balalić (2014). Forage yield components and classificationof common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) cultivars of diverse geographic origin. Grass Forage Sci., 69, 315-322. [Google Scholar]
  18. Milenković, J., R. Stanisavljević, J. Marković, M. Petrović, T. Vasić, S. Andjelković and Z. Lugić (2017). Variability of some traits of vetch genotypes originating from different regions. J. Mount. Agric. Balk., 20 (2), 201-210. [Google Scholar]
  19. Naydenova, G., A. Ilieva and A. Aleksieva (2012). Investigation of winter vetch accessions as initial material for breeding in grass-feed direction. J. Mount. Agric. Balk., 15 (6),1388-1404. [Google Scholar]
  20. Taser, O.F., E. Altuntas and E. Ozgoz (2005). Physical properties of Hungarian and common vetch seeds. J. Appl. Sci., 5, 323–326. [Google Scholar]
  21. Tenopala, J., F.J. Gonzalez and E. Barrera (2012). Physiological responses ofthe green manure Vicia sativa to drought. Bot. Sci., 90, 305-311. [Google Scholar]
  22. Uhr, Zl. (2015). Evaluation of yield and stability of perspective winter common wheat lines. New Knowledge Journal of Science, 4, 4, 42-46 [Google Scholar]