International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research
Abbreviation: IJIAAR | ISSN (Online): 2602-4772 | DOI: 10.29329/ijiaar

Original article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2020, Vol. 4(2) 251-258

Broomrape (Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel) Control in Winter Oilseed Rape with Imazamox-Containing Herbicide Products

Mariyan Yanev, Anyo Mitkov, Nesho Neshev & Tonyo Tonev

pp. 251 - 258   |  DOI:

Published online: June 29, 2020  |   Number of Views: 25  |  Number of Download: 148


The broomrapes are root, obligate parasites without chlorophyll. They parasitize mostly the dicotyledonous plants. Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel attacks a wider range of hosts among which is the winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). The broomrape can reduce the yields and aggravate the quality of production. There are few effective measures to control this parasite. One of the most promising approaches is the cultivation of Clearfield® oilseed rape and the treatment of imazamox-containing herbicide products. For this purpose during the growing seasons of 2016 - 2017 and 2017 - 2018 a field pot experiment with the Clearfield® oilseed rape hybrid РТ 228 CL was conducted. The soil of the field pots was artificially infested with Ph. ramosa seeds. The herbicide application was performed in two stages of the crop in the spring - BBCH 31–33 (1-3 internodes visible) and BBCH 51 („green button“). Variants of the trial were: 1. Untreated control; 2. Cleranda® (375 g/l metazachlor + 17,5 g/l imazamox) – 2,00 l/ha (BBCH 31–33); 3. Cleravo® (250 g/l quinmerac + 35 g/l imazamox) – 1,00 l/ha (BBCH 31–33); 4. Pulsar® Plus (25 g/l imazamox) – 1,00 l/ha (BBCH 31–33); 5. Pulsar® Plus – 2,00 l/ha (BBCH 31–33); 6. Pulsar® Plus – 0,50 l/ha (BBCH 51); 7. Pulsar® Plus – 1,00 l/ha (BBCH 51); 8. Pulsar® Plus – 2,00 l/ha (BBCH 51). Average for both years of the study, the highest efficacy against the parasite after the application of Pulsar® Plus – 2,00 l/ha (BBCH 51) – 92,9% followed by Cleranda® – 2,00 l/ha (BBCH 31–33) - 91,2% was reported.

Keywords: Winter oilseed rape, broomrape, control, imazamox, efficacy

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Yanev, M., Mitkov, A., Neshev, N. & Tonev, T. (2020). Broomrape (Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel) Control in Winter Oilseed Rape with Imazamox-Containing Herbicide Products . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 4(2), 251-258. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2020.254.9

Yanev, M., Mitkov, A., Neshev, N. and Tonev, T. (2020). Broomrape (Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel) Control in Winter Oilseed Rape with Imazamox-Containing Herbicide Products . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 4(2), pp. 251-258.

Chicago 16th edition
Yanev, Mariyan, Anyo Mitkov, Nesho Neshev and Tonyo Tonev (2020). "Broomrape (Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel) Control in Winter Oilseed Rape with Imazamox-Containing Herbicide Products ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 4 (2):251-258. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2020.254.9.

  1. Boulet, C., D. Pineault, H. Benharrat, D. Bozec, P. Delavault and P. Simier (2007). Oilseed rape weeds and branched broomrape (Orobanche ramosa L.). 20ème Conférence du COLUMA. Journées Internationales sur la Lutte contre les Mauvaises Herbes, Dijon, France, 11-12 décembre, 2007 Paris: Association Nationale pour la Protection des Plantes (ANPP). pp. 326-345. [Google Scholar]
  2. Bozukov, H., P. Nikolov, E. Tomeva, S. Kalinova, N. Getov, S. Novodrianiva and I. Georgiev (2005). Observation and enter into a card index the infection of broomrape (Orobanche spp.) on tobacco in Macedonian and Djebel regions. Proc. I-st Congress of plant protection, Ohrid, Macedonia. pp. 247-252. [Google Scholar]
  3. Buschmann, H., G. Gonsior and J. Sauerborn (2005a). Pathogenicity of branched broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) populations on tobacco cultivars. Plant Pathol., 54, 650–656. [Google Scholar]
  4. Buschmann, H., S. Kömle, G. Gonsior and J. Sauerborn (2005b). Susceptibility of oilseed rape (Brassica napus ssp. napus) to branched broomrape (Orobanche ramosa L.). Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz 112 (1) Stuttgart: Verlag Eugen Ulmer GmbH. pp. 65-70. [Google Scholar]
  5. Dubey, N. (2014). Weed Management for Parasitic Weeds. In: Recent Advances in Weed Management.  [Google Scholar]
  6. Duroueix, F. and T. Guillet (2013).  Chemical control of broomrape (Phelipanche ramosa) in winter rape. 22e Conférence du COLUMA. Journées Internationales sur la Lutte contre les Mauvaises Herbes, Dijon, France, 10-12 décembre 2013 Alfortville: Association Française de Protection des Plantes (AFPP). pp. 269-277. [Google Scholar]
  7. Entcheva, V. and P. Shindrova (1994). Broomrape (Orobanche cumana Wallr.) – a problem of sunflower production in Bulgaria. In: Proc. 3rd Int. Workshop on Orobanche and related Striga Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. pp. 619-622. [Google Scholar]
  8. Georgiev G., V. Encheva, N. Nenova, P. Peevska, Y. Encheva, D. Valkova, G. Georgiev and E.  Penchev (2014). Characterization of the yield components of sunflower lines under the conditions of North-East Bulgaria. Scientific Works, 3 (1), 121-131. [Google Scholar]
  9. Gibot-Leclerc, S., X. Pinochet and G. Sallé (2006). Broomrapes (Orobanche ramosa) as parasite of winter oilseedrape: an extension risk under observation. OCL - Oléagineux, Corps Gras, Lipides 13 (2/3) Montrouge: John Libbey Eurotext,  pp. 200-205. [Google Scholar]
  10. Habimana, S., K. Murthy, V. Hatti and A. Nduwumuremyi (2013). Management of Orobanche in field crops. A review. Sci. J. Crop Sci., 2(11), 144-158. [Google Scholar]
  11. Habimana, S., A. Nduwumuremyi and R. Chinama (2014). Management of Orobanche in field crops - a review. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 14 (1) Temuco: Chilean Society of Soil Science, 43-62. [Google Scholar]
  12. Haidar, M., W. Bibi and M. Sidahmed (2003). Response of branched broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) growth and development to various soil amendments in potato. Crop Prot., 22, 291–294.  [Google Scholar]
  13. Ivanov, K. and N.  Popov (1994). A Guidebook for Exercises on Biochemistry of the Plants. Publisher ”Zemizdat”, Sofia, 88 pages. (In Bulgarian). [Google Scholar]
  14. Joel, D. (2009). The new nomenclature of Orobanche and Phelipanche. Weed Res., 49, 1–6. [Google Scholar]
  15. Joel, D., J. Hershenhorn, H. Eizenberg, R. Aly, G. Ejeta, P. J. Rich, J. K. Ransom, J. Sauerborn and D. Rubiales (2007). Biology and management of weedy root parasites. Hort. Rev., 33, 267-349. [Google Scholar]
  16. Kaya, Y. (2014). Current situation of sunflower broomrape around the world. Proc. 3rd International Symposium on Broomrape (Orobanche spp.) in Sunflower. 3-6 June, Cordoba, Spain., 2014. pp. 9-18. [Google Scholar]
  17. Kaya, Y. (2015). Herbicide resistance breeding in sunflower, current situation and future directions. Journal of ASM. Life Sciences, 2(326), 101-106. [Google Scholar]
  18. Linke, K. and M.  Saxena (1989). Study on viability and longevity of Orobanche seed under laboratory conditions. In: Progress in Orobanche research (Eds. Wegmann K., Musselman L.J.), Eberhard-Karls Universitat, Tubingen, FRG. pp. 110-114. [Google Scholar]
  19. Mitkov, A., M. Yanev, N. Neshev and T.  Tonev (2017). The broomrape (Phelipanche ssp.): New problem in the Bulgarian Oilseed Rape Fields. Book of abstracts of the Conference: ‘‘Weed Science & Sustainable Rural Development”. March 29, 30 & 31, Democritus University of Thrace, Orestiada, Greece. [Google Scholar]
  20. Musselman, L. (1980). The biology of Striga, Orobanche and other root-parastitic weeds. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol., 18, 463–489. [Google Scholar]
  21. Nandula, V. (1998). Selective control of Egyptian broomrape (Orobanche aegyptiaca Pers.) by glyphosate and its amino acid status in relation to selected hosts. PhD Thesis. [Google Scholar]
  22. Nandula, V., C. Foy and D. Orcutt (1999). Glyphosate for Orobanche aegyptiaca control in Vicia sativa and Brassica napus. Weed Sci., 47 (5), 486-491. [Google Scholar]
  23. Parker, C. and C. Riches (1993). Parasitic Weeds of the World: Biology and Control. CAB International, Wallingford. [Google Scholar]
  24. Parker, C. (2009). Observations on the current status of Orobanche and Striga problems worldwide. Pest Manag. Sci. 65, 453–459.  [Google Scholar]
  25. Perny, A. (1989). Branched broomrape, a new weed of rape. Bulletin CETIOM (103). pp. 17 [Google Scholar]
  26. Pospišil, M., M. Brčić, A. Pospišil and J. Butorac (2014). Yield and yield components of investigated rapeseed hybrids and cultivars. Poljoprivreda, 20, 3-9. [Google Scholar]
  27. Press, M. and J.  Graves (1995). Parasitic Plants. Chapman and Hall, London. [Google Scholar]
  28. Press, M., and G. Phoenix (2005). Impacts of parasitic plants on natural communities. New Phytol., 166, 737–751. [Google Scholar]
  29. Schneeweiss, G. (2007). Correlated evolution of life history and host range in the non photosynthetic parasitic flowering plants Orobanche and Phelipanche (Orobanchaceae). J. Evol. Biol., 20, 471–478. [Google Scholar]
  30. Tonev, T., M. Dimitrova, Sht. Kalinova, I. Zhalnov, Il. Zheliyazkov, A. Vassilev, M. Tityanov, A. Mitkov and M. Yanev (2019). Herbology. Publisher “Videneov and Son”. (Textbook in Bulgarian). [Google Scholar]
  31. Tonev, T., M. Tityanov, A. Mitkov, M. Yanev and N. Neshev (2018). A Guidebook for Exercises on General Agriculture and Herbology. Publisher: “Biblioteka Zemedelsko Obrazovanie”. Pages: 71-72.   [Google Scholar]
  32. Tsialtas, J. and I. Eleftherohorinos (2011). First Report of Branched Broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) on Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus), Wild Mustard (Sinapis arvensis), and Wild Vetch (Vicia spp.) in Northern Greece. Plant Dis., 95 (10), 1322.   [Google Scholar]
  33. Venkov, V. and H. Bozoukov (1994). Influence of different species of Orobanche on cultivated sunflower and tobacco. Biology and management of Orobanche. Proc. 3-rd International Workshop on Orobanche and Striga Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, RTI. pp. 349-350 [Google Scholar]
  34. Westwood, J. (2013). The physiology of the established parasite-host association. In Parasitic Orobanchaceae. Berlin: Springer. pp. 87–114. [Google Scholar]
  35. Yanev M., H. Bozukov and S. Kalinova (2014.) Distribution of Orobanche ramosa L. and Orobanche mutelii Sch. in the main tobacco producing regions of Bulgaria. Plant Sci., LI (1), 114-117. [Google Scholar]
  36. Zindahl, R. (1993). Fundamentals of weed science. Academic Press Inc., New York. pp. 499. [Google Scholar]