Original article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2019, Vol. 3(3) 392-401
Danica Andreevska, Dobre Andov, Trajche Dimitrovski, Emilija Simeonovska, Halil Sürek, Necmi Beşer & Jashka Ibraimi
pp. 392 - 401 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiaar.2019.206.5 | Manu. Number: MANU-1903-17-0003
Published online: September 30, 2019 | Number of Views: 43 | Number of Download: 252
The number of days to flowering and growth stages, plant and stem height, panicle length, number of panicles/ m2 , 1000 grains weight of paddy and biomass yield at harvest (straw + paddy rice) were examined in the newly introduced Turkish rice varieties Efe, Hamzadere, Çakmak and Tunca. The new varieties were grown under typical rice producing conditions in the Kocani rice producing region of North Macedonia during 2013 and 2014, in field trials set up in randomized complete block design, compared to standard variety San Andrea. The results were analyzed by ANOVA and LSD test. The studied varieties in both seasons showed shorter average period from seeding to flowering (89 to 93 days across varieties) compared to San Andrea (99.5 days), as well as faster development thru the rice growth phases. The Turkish varieties had a significantly shorter plant (90.75 cm to 94.54 cm) and stem (77.00 cm to 86.53 cm) compared to San Andrea (114.50 cm and 99.63 cm). The number of panicles per m2 varied between the two years, with average values from 526.17 in Efe to 647.17 in Tunca. The 1000 grains weight of paddy ranged from 29.03 g in Çakmak to 33.47 in Hamzadere. San Andrea had significantly higher 1000 grains weight, with average value of 37.88 g. The biomass (straw+ paddy) in all varieties was higher in the first year compared to the second. The average values ranged from 28608.34 kg/ha in Efe to 33850.00 kg/ha in Çakmak. The studied Turkish rice cultivars generally showed better results for the examined characteristics than the standard San Andrea (shorter vegetative stage, faster development and maturation, lower plant height, more stable biological yield) and as such are potentially suitable for cultivation in the rice producing conditions of North Macedonia.
Keywords: Rice, Plant height, Panicle length, Number of panicles, 1000 grains weight, Biomass.
|How to Cite this Article?|
APA 6th edition
Chicago 16th edition
Andov, D., D. Andreevska, E. Simeonovska and T. Dimitrovski (2017). Characteristics of Five Turkish Rice Cultivars (Oryza sativa L.) Grown under the Environmental Conditions of the Republic of Macedonia. Agroznanje Journal, 18, 17-26.
Andreevska, D., D. Andov and V. Ilieva, V. (2009). Rice crop as important strategic crop in the Republic of Macedonia. Anniversary Yearbook of the Institute of Agriculture, Skopje, XXVI/XXVII, 31-46.
Baloch, A.W., A.M. Soomro, M.A. Javed, M. Ahmed, H.R. Bughio, M.S. Bughio and N.N. Mastoi (2002). Optimum Plant Density for High Yield in Rice (Oryza sativa L.). Asian J. Plant Sci., 1, 25-27.
Bashir, M.U., N. Akbar, A. Iqbal and H. Zaman (2010). Effect of different sowing dates on yield and yield components of direct seeded coarse rice (Oryza sativa L). Pak. J. Agric. Sci., 47(4), 361-365.
Dimitrovski, T., D. Andreevska, D. Andov, E. Simeonovska and J. Ibraim (2017a). Some seed quality properties of newly introduced Turkish rice varieties (Oryza sativa L.) grown under the environmental conditions of Republic of Macedonia. Congress book 2nd International Balkan Agriculture Congress AGRIBALKAN 2017, 16-18 May 2017, Tekirdağ, Turkey, 265-270.
Dimitrovski, T., D. Andreevska, D. Andov, E. Simeonovska, H. Sürek, N. Beşer and J. Ibraim (2017b). Yield of paddy and white rice of some newly introduced Turkish rice varieties (Oryza sativa L.) grown under the environmental conditions of Republic of Macedonia. Congress book 2nd International Balkan Agriculture Congress AGRIBALKAN 2017, 16-18 May 2017, Tekirdağ, Turkey, 404-411.
Džamić, R., D. Stevanović and M. Jakovljević (1996). Praktikum iz agrohemije. Beograd: Poljoprivredni fakultet.
Ente Nazionale Risi (2003). XXXV Relazione Annuale Anno 2002. Retrieved from http://www.enterisi.it/upload/enterisi/bilanci/rel2002_15916_32.pdf
Ente Nazionale Risi (2010). XLII Relazione Annuale Anno 2009. Retrieved from http://www.enterisi.it/upload/enterisi/bilanci/relazione%202009_15916_38.pdf
Filipovski, Gj., R. Rizovski and P. Ristevski (1996). The characteristics of the Climate-Vegetation-Soil Zones (Regions) in the Republic of Macedonia. Skopje: Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
Fujita, K., V. P. Coronel and S. Yoshida (1984). Grain-filling characteristics of rice varieties (Oryza sativa L.) differing in grain size under controlled environmental conditions. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 30, 445-454.
Golam Sarwar, A.K.M., M. A. Ali and M. A. Karim (1998). Correlation of grain characters in rice (Oryza sativa L.). J.Natn.Sci.Foundation Sri Lanka, 26, 209-215.
International Rice Research Institute IRRI (2013). Standard Evaluation System (SES) for Rice (5th ed.). Manila, Philippines: IRRI. Retrieved from http://www.knowledgebank.irri.org/images/docs/rice-standard-evaluation-system.pdf
Mitrikeski, J. and T. Mitkova (2001). Praktikum po pedologija. Skopje: Zemjodelski fakultet Skopje, Universitet “Sv Kiril i Metodij”.
Petkovski, D., D. Mukaetov and M. Andreevski (1997). Sodržina na nekoi lesnorastvorlivi teški metali vo aluvijalnite pocvi od Kocansko Pole. Makedonska zemjodelska revija, 44, 1-5.
Trakya Agricultural Research Institute (n.d.). Cultivars. Retrieved from http://arastirma.tarim.gov.tr/ttae/Links/16/Cultivars
Yoshida, S. (1981). Fundamentals of Rice Crop Science. Philippines: IRRI.
September 2019All Articles