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Original article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2018, Vol. 2(4) 384-390

Aflatoxinous Figs (Ficus Carica L.) Seperation Process Using Ultraviolet (Uv) Light

Ramazan Konak, Nilgün Tan, Erdem Çiçek, İlknur Kösoğlu, Berrin Şahin & Oğuz Altunkaya

pp. 384 - 390   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiaar.2018.174.11   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1808-29-0002

Published online: December 17, 2018  |   Number of Views: 14  |  Number of Download: 124


Abstract

Fig fruits have high aflatoxin-forming capacity due to its high water activity and sugar content from the phase of harvest to the phase of drying. During aflatoxin formation, mycotoxigenic molds produce kojic acid as a metabolic residue. In the presence of kojic acid, aflatoxin-containing products emit greenish yellow and blue color while viewed under long-wave (365nm) UV (Ultraviolet) light. Scanning under UV light is a unique method commonly used for physically separating the aflatoxin-containing fruits from dried figs. With this study, the processes of aflatoxin-containing figs seperation were analyzed in one fig enterpris operating at Aydın province. At each stage of screening, starting from raw to final product, a total of 35 samples as BGYF (+) and BGYF (-), were subjected to some quality criteria and aflatoxin analyzes. Aflatoxin was analyzed from 5 raw fig samples and the highest total aflatoxin value was found to be 29.03 μg/kg. From the 15 samples viewed BGYF(+) and seperated as possible aflatoxin-containing figs in enterpris, wholly aflatoxin was detected, 15 of which were above the total aflatoxin limit value of 10 ppb and a maximum value of 402.10 μg / kg was analyzed.  Aflatoxin was not detected in any of the final product figs separated as BGYF (-).

Keywords: Dried fig, Aflatoxin, Kojic acide


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Konak, R., Tan, N., Cicek, E., Kosoglu, I., Sahin, B. & Altunkaya, O. (2018). Aflatoxinous Figs (Ficus Carica L.) Seperation Process Using Ultraviolet (Uv) Light . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 2(4), 384-390. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2018.174.11

Harvard
Konak, R., Tan, N., Cicek, E., Kosoglu, I., Sahin, B. and Altunkaya, O. (2018). Aflatoxinous Figs (Ficus Carica L.) Seperation Process Using Ultraviolet (Uv) Light . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 2(4), pp. 384-390.

Chicago 16th edition
Konak, Ramazan, Nilgun Tan, Erdem Cicek, Ilknur Kosoglu, Berrin Sahin and Oguz Altunkaya (2018). "Aflatoxinous Figs (Ficus Carica L.) Seperation Process Using Ultraviolet (Uv) Light ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2 (4):384-390. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2018.174.11.

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