Pen Academic Publishing   |  e-ISSN: 2602-4772

Original article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2018, Vol. 2(1) 25-34

Evaluation on Allelopathic Potential of Velvet Bean (Mucuna cochinchinensis) on Germination of Goosegrass (Eleusineindica L.)

Abdullahi Jaji Ibrahim, Dzolkhifli Omar & Enoch Istifanus Magani

pp. 25 - 34   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiaar.2018.133.3   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1801-01-0001

Published online: March 30, 2018  |   Number of Views: 84  |  Number of Download: 224


Abstract

The experiment was conducted at the Toxicology laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia in 2013. Allelopathic potential of aqueous methanol and water extracts of M. cochinchinensis leaves, seed and root was investigated on seed germination and seedling growth of goosegrass and biotest crop species: lettuce (Lactuca sativa). The treatments consisted of five concentrations (100, 75, 50, 25, 0 %); plant parts (leaves, seed, root) and extraction solvents (methanol, water) were replicated three times and arranged as a completely randomized block (CRD) design. Germination, radicle and hypocotyl growth of all test plant species were inhibited at concentrations (100, 75, 50 and 25%). The total germination percentage was lowest with the methanolic extracts of leaf, seed and root of M. cochinchinensis at 100 % concentration in the order of 0.00, 30.66 and 4.66%, respectively. Concomitantly, the radicle length inhibition percentages of methanolic extracts at higher concentration of 100% were 100, 88.5 and 94.4% of the leaf, seed and root extracts, respectively. The water extracts recorded the highest germination percentage and lower inhibitory activity of the radicle and hypocotyl length. The study confirmed plant growth-inhibitory compounds of M. cochinchinensis is dependent on the extraction solvents and extract concentrations as expressed that methanolic solvent at higher extract concentration had the stronger inhibitory activity. 

Keywords: Allelopathy; Velvetbean; Concentration; Goosegrass; Inhibition; Weed control


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Ibrahim, A.J., Omar, D. & Magani, E.I. (2018). Evaluation on Allelopathic Potential of Velvet Bean (Mucuna cochinchinensis) on Germination of Goosegrass (Eleusineindica L.) . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 2(1), 25-34. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2018.133.3

Harvard
Ibrahim, A., Omar, D. and Magani, E. (2018). Evaluation on Allelopathic Potential of Velvet Bean (Mucuna cochinchinensis) on Germination of Goosegrass (Eleusineindica L.) . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 2(1), pp. 25-34.

Chicago 16th edition
Ibrahim, Abdullahi Jaji, Dzolkhifli Omar and Enoch Istifanus Magani (2018). "Evaluation on Allelopathic Potential of Velvet Bean (Mucuna cochinchinensis) on Germination of Goosegrass (Eleusineindica L.) ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2 (1):25-34. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2018.133.3.

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