Pen Academic Publishing   |  e-ISSN: 2602-4772

Original article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2019, Vol. 3(4) 578-590

Evaluation of Cold Pressed Walnut Oil (Junglas Regia) Adulteration with Refined Sunflower Oil Using Differential Scanning Calaorimetry Technique

Tamara Mihociu, Alina Culetu, Enuta Iorga & Nastasia Belc

pp. 578 - 590   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiaar.2019.217.4   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1811-12-0004.R1

Published online: December 10, 2019  |   Number of Views: 5  |  Number of Download: 40


Abstract

This paper presents the potential of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) method to be applied in adulteration of cold pressed walnut oil (Junglas Regia). Two brands of cold pressed walnut oil were adulterated with 5% and 10% of refined sunflower oil. Thermal curves profile of oil samples was correlated with the level of oils oxidation determined by OxiTest and the lipids profile was determined by gas-chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). An increase in the lipid oxidation values was recorded for one brand of cold pressed walnut oil. Based on the lipid profile analysis, differences between samples were observed regarding the linolenic acid which was reduced by 0.1-0.4% in cold pressed walnut oil adulterated with 5% refined sunflower oil and 1.1% in the samples adulterated a percentage of 10%. A clear differentiation between samples was found on the thermal crystallization curves where in 2 temperatures area (-17°C _ -20°C and -37°C_ -48°C), the thermal energy transferred indicated different degrees of freedom of the TAGs compositions. Also, it was observed that a temperature area (-52°C_-59°C) where the crystallization temperature (Tc) of the dilutions is very close to the Tc of the adulterated oil. The DSC method used in this study highlighted the adulteration of cold pressed walnut oil on the crystallization thermal curves.

Keywords: cold pressd walnut oils, DSC, authenticity, food control


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Mihociu, T., Culetu, A., Iorga, E. & Belc, N. (2019). Evaluation of Cold Pressed Walnut Oil (Junglas Regia) Adulteration with Refined Sunflower Oil Using Differential Scanning Calaorimetry Technique . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 3(4), 578-590. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2019.217.4

Harvard
Mihociu, T., Culetu, A., Iorga, E. and Belc, N. (2019). Evaluation of Cold Pressed Walnut Oil (Junglas Regia) Adulteration with Refined Sunflower Oil Using Differential Scanning Calaorimetry Technique . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 3(4), pp. 578-590.

Chicago 16th edition
Mihociu, Tamara, Alina Culetu, Enuta Iorga and Nastasia Belc (2019). "Evaluation of Cold Pressed Walnut Oil (Junglas Regia) Adulteration with Refined Sunflower Oil Using Differential Scanning Calaorimetry Technique ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 3 (4):578-590. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2019.217.4.

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