Pen Academic Publishing   |  e-ISSN: 2602-4772

Original article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2019, Vol. 3(2) 321-331

Allelopathic Effects of Jimsonweed (Datua Stramonium L.) Seed on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Some Leguminous Crops

Awadallah Belal Dafaallah, Waleed N. Mustafa & Yasir H. Hussein

pp. 321 - 331   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiaar.2019.194.17   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1809-09-0002

Published online: June 30, 2019  |   Number of Views: 42  |  Number of Download: 95


Abstract

Laboratory and greenhouse experiments were carried out at the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Gezira, Sudan in season 2014/15. Laboratory experiments were conducted to study the allelopathic effect of aqueous extract of Jimsonweed (Datua stramonium L.) seed on seed germination of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), cowpea (Vigna sinensis [L.] Walp.), pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan [L.] Millsp.) and alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Six concentrations (0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100%) of the aqueous extract were prepared from the stock solution. Treatments, for each crop, were arranged in completely randomized design with four replicates. The seeds were examined for germination at three days after initial germination. Greenhouse experiments were conducted to study the allelopathic effect of Jimsonweed seed powder on seedling growth of the same crops. Seed powder was incorporated into the soil at rate of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5% on w/w biases in pots. Treatments, for each crop, were arranged in completely randomized design with four replicates. Experiments were terminated at 30 days after sowing and plant height, number of leaves and root length of crop seedlings were measured as well as plant fresh and dry weight. Data were collected and subjected to analysis of variance procedure. Means were separated for significance using Duncan`s Multiple Range Test at p £ 0.5. The results showed that the aqueous extract of Jimsonweed significantly reduced seed germination of the tested leguminous crops and there was direct negative relationship between concentration seed germination. Also, the results showed that incorporating seed powder into the soil significantly decreased plant height, root length of crop seedlings as well as seedling fresh and dry weight. In addition, the reduction in seedling growth was increased as seed powder increased in the soil. However, the number leaves did not affected. It concludes that Jimsonweed has allelopathic affects on seed germination and seedling growth of the leguminous crops.

Keywords: Allelopathy, Allelopathic, Allelochemicals, Jimsonweed, Datura, Legume, Common Bean, Cowpea, Pigeon Pea, Alfalfa


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Dafaallah, A.B., Mustafa, W.N. & Hussein, Y.H. (2019). Allelopathic Effects of Jimsonweed (Datua Stramonium L.) Seed on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Some Leguminous Crops . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 3(2), 321-331. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2019.194.17

Harvard
Dafaallah, A., Mustafa, W. and Hussein, Y. (2019). Allelopathic Effects of Jimsonweed (Datua Stramonium L.) Seed on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Some Leguminous Crops . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 3(2), pp. 321-331.

Chicago 16th edition
Dafaallah, Awadallah Belal, Waleed N. Mustafa and Yasir H. Hussein (2019). "Allelopathic Effects of Jimsonweed (Datua Stramonium L.) Seed on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Some Leguminous Crops ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 3 (2):321-331. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2019.194.17.

References
  1. Ahmad, W., A. Alia and F. Khan (2014). Allelopathic effects of Datura stramoniumon seed germination and seedling vigour of Triticum aestivum (variety GW 273). http://rgcresearchjournal.org/volume-I,issues I,janapr2012/science/Allelopathic%20effects%20of%20Datura%20stramonium%20on%20seed20gernation%20and%20seedling%20vigour%20of%20Triticum%20aestivum.pdf. 11/8/2016. 03:15:10. [Google Scholar]
  2. Banso, A and S. Adeymo (2006). Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial assessment of Abutilon mauritianum, Bacopa monnifera and Datura stramonium. Biokemistri. 18(1), 39-44. [Google Scholar]
  3. Chou, C. H. (1990). The role of allelopathy in agroecosystems: Studies from tropical Taiwan. In: Gliessman S. R. (ed)1990. Agroecology: Researching the ecological basis for sustainable agriculture. Ecological studies 1978. Springer - Verlag. Berlin, 105-121. [Google Scholar]
  4. Delabys, N., G. Mermillod, J. P. De Joffrey and C. Bohren (2004). Demonstration, in cultivated fields, of the reality of the phenomenon of Allelopathy. XII. International conference on weed biology, 97-104. [Google Scholar]
  5. Elisante, F.  and P. A. Ndakidemi (2014). Allelopathic effect of Datura stramonium on the survival of grass and legume species in the conservation areas. Am. J. Res. Commun., 2(1), 27-43. [Google Scholar]
  6. Elisante, F., M. T. Tarimo and P. A. Ndakidemi (2013). Allelopathic Effect of Seed and Leaf Aqueous Extracts of Datura stramonium on Leaf Chlorophyll Content, Shoot and Root Elongation of Cenchrus ciliaris and Neonotonia wightii. American Journal of Plant Sciences. 4: 2332-2339. [Google Scholar]
  7. Oseni, O. A. C.O. Olarinoye and I.A. Amoo (2011). Studies on chemical compositions and functional properties of thorn apple (Datura stramonium L.) Solanaceae. Afr. J. Food Sci.,5(2), 40 - 44. [Google Scholar]
  8. Oudhia, P., S.S. Kolhe and R. S. Tripathi (1998) Germination and seedling vigor of chickpea as affected by allelopathy of Datura stramonium L. ICPN. 5: 22-24. [Google Scholar]
  9. Singh, P. A. and B. R. Chaudharv (2011). Allelopathic potential of algae weed Pithophora oedogonia (Mont.) ittrock on the germination and seedling growth of Oryza sativa L. Botany Res. Int., 4(2), 36-40. [Google Scholar]
  10. Spina, S.P. and A. Taddei (2007). Teenagers with Jimson weed (Datura stramonium) poisoning. [Google Scholar]
  11. You, L.X. and S. J. Wang  (2011) Chemical composition and allelopathic potential of the essential oil from Datura stramonium L. Advanced Materials Res., 233 - 235, 2472-2475. [Google Scholar]