Pen Academic Publishing   |  e-ISSN: 2602-4772

Original article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2018, Vol. 2(3) 167-176

Study of Resistance of Common Winter Wheat Lines to the Fusarium Head Blight (Fusarium Culmorum)

Evgeniy Dimitrov, Zlatina Peycheva Uhr, Blagoy Andonov & Nikolaya Velcheva

pp. 167 - 176   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiaar.2018.151.3   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1805-28-0004

Published online: September 26, 2018  |   Number of Views: 29  |  Number of Download: 173


Abstract

The study includes 22 lines and varieties of common winter wheat, created in the crop breeding program in IPGR Sadovo and varieties Sadovo and Enola as standards. The trials were conducted during the period 2012-2015 in the infectious field of the Institute. A comparative variety trial was performed in three replicates of the infectious field at the Institute. The sowing was done using the Simson (1969) nesting method (circular sowing).  The aim of the study was to investigate the resistance of the breeding materials to the fusarium head blight (Fusarium culmorum). The results showed that there are no immune varieties and lines to the studied phytopathogen. Two common winter wheat lines – PP 787 and BC 7, fall into the group of resistant genotypes. Into the medium sensitive breeding materials group refer the lines DB/A 458, DB 223 and the Fermer variety. The biggest group includes fifteen sensitive genotypes, representing 62.5% of the total number of the study materials. Highly sensitive genotypes to Fusarium culmorum were not reported. The correlation between the fusarium head blight (FHB) and the other economically important diseases (brown rust and powdery mildew) of common winter wheat has been established.

Keywords: Common winter wheat, Resistance, Fusarium culmorum.


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Dimitrov, E., Uhr, Z.P., Andonov, B. & Velcheva, N. (2018). Study of Resistance of Common Winter Wheat Lines to the Fusarium Head Blight (Fusarium Culmorum) . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 2(3), 167-176. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2018.151.3

Harvard
Dimitrov, E., Uhr, Z., Andonov, B. and Velcheva, N. (2018). Study of Resistance of Common Winter Wheat Lines to the Fusarium Head Blight (Fusarium Culmorum) . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 2(3), pp. 167-176.

Chicago 16th edition
Dimitrov, Evgeniy, Zlatina Peycheva Uhr, Blagoy Andonov and Nikolaya Velcheva (2018). "Study of Resistance of Common Winter Wheat Lines to the Fusarium Head Blight (Fusarium Culmorum) ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2 (3):167-176. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2018.151.3.

References
  1. Artur, J. C. (1891). Wheat scab. Indiana Agricultural Station Bulletin, 36, 129-132. [Google Scholar]
  2. Chavdarov, P. (2012). Study of the resistance of common winter wheat varieties to fusarium head blight agents. Agric. Sci., IV, 10, 77-80. [Google Scholar]
  3. Dimov, R., 2007. Fusariosis on fusarium head blight in Southern Bulgaria - Causes and Resistance. Doctoral dissertation. [Google Scholar]
  4. Dobrev, D. and K. Kolev (1998). Resistance of introduced varieties Triticum durum Dest. and Triticum sphaerococcum Pres. to some species of the genus Fusarium. Plant Sci., 10. [Google Scholar]
  5. Dragov, R. and D. Dechev (2016). Genetic distance by important economic traits between Bulgarian and foreing culticars of durum wheat. Agrobiol. Sci., 6, 41-47 [Google Scholar]
  6. Karadjova, I. (2001). Study of the attitude of wheat varieties to two species of Fusarium, fusarium head blight  agent. Plant Sci., 38, 178-275. [Google Scholar]
  7. Lin, F., Z. X. Kong, H. L. Zhu, S. L. Xue, J. Z. Wu and D. G. Tian (2004). Mapping QTL associated with resistance to Fusarium head blight in the Nanda2491 × Wangshuibai population. Type II resistance. Theor. Appl. Genet., 109, 1504-1511. [Google Scholar]
  8. McMullen, M. P., R. Jones and D. Gallenberg (1997). Scab of wheat and barley: a re-emerging disease of devastating impact. Plant Dis., 81, 1340-1348. [Google Scholar]
  9. Mladenov, M. (1987). Fusariosis on common wheat (Triticum aestivum) in Bulgaria and an integrated system for fighting. Doctoral dissertation. [Google Scholar]
  10. Perry, D. W., P. Jenkinson and L. McLeod (1995). Fusarium ear blight (scab) in small grain cereals a review. Plant Phatol., 44, 207-238. [Google Scholar]
  11. Simons, M. D. (1969). Phytopathol., 59, 135-139. [Google Scholar]
  12. Sip, V., J. Chrpova and L. Stockova (2011). Evaluation of resistance to Fusarium Head Blight in wheat using different sources of inoculum. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed., 47, (4), 131–139.  [Google Scholar]
  13. Snidjers, C. H. A. and F. A. Van Eeuwijk (1991). Genotype x strain interactions for resistance to Fusarium Head Blight caused by Fusarium culmorum in winter wheat. Theor. Appl. Genet., 81, 239-244. [Google Scholar]
  14. Van Eeuwijk, E. A., A. Mesterhazy, C. I. Kling, P. Ruckenbauer, L. Saur, H. Buerstmayr, M. Lemmens, L. C. P. Keizer., N. Maurin and C. H. Snijders (1995). Assessing non-specificity of resistance in wheat to head blight caused by inoculation with European stains of Fusarium culmorum, F. graminearum and M. nivale using a multiplicative model for interaction. Theor. Appl. Genet., 90, 221–228. [Google Scholar]
  15. Walter, S., P. Nicholson and F. M. Doohan (2010). Action and reaction of host and pathogen during Fusarium head blight disease. New Phytologist, 185, 54-66. [Google Scholar]