Pen Academic Publishing   |  e-ISSN: 2602-4772

Original article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2019, Vol. 3(4) 661-670

Study of Elements of Productivity and Determine the Correlation Relationships between Them in Common Winter Wheat Varieties with Origin from Belarus

Evgeniy Dimitrov, Zlatina Peycheva Uhr, Nikolaya Velcheva & Krasimira Uzunova

pp. 661 - 670   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiaar.2019.217.12   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1908-27-0003.R1

Published online: December 10, 2019  |   Number of Views: 20  |  Number of Download: 48


Abstract

The survey was conducted during the period 2015-2017 in the experimental field of IPGR Sadovo. The elements of productivity of 29 common winter wheat varieties (Triticum aestivum L.) with origin from Belarus and two Bulgarian varieties – Sadovo 1 and Enola were studied. The coefficient of variation has been calculated and the correlation dependencies between the elements of productivity are determined. The influence of factors genotype, environment and their interaction on the studied features is assessed. A low variation in the trait was recorded in the number of spikelets per spike, spike length and number of grains per spike. With high variation is characterized the number of grains per other spikes. The strongest correlation dependence is observed between features grain number per plant with grain number per other spikes, followed by the grain weight per plant with grain weight per other spikes. The plant height is in negative correlation with all studied elements of productivity. The factor genotype has the greatest influence on the plant height and the cultivation conditions have a leading role in the productive tillering.

Keywords: common winter wheat, elements of productivity, degree of variation, correlation, genotype, environment, source of variation


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Dimitrov, E., Uhr, Z.P., Velcheva, N. & Uzunova, K. (2019). Study of Elements of Productivity and Determine the Correlation Relationships between Them in Common Winter Wheat Varieties with Origin from Belarus . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 3(4), 661-670. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2019.217.12

Harvard
Dimitrov, E., Uhr, Z., Velcheva, N. and Uzunova, K. (2019). Study of Elements of Productivity and Determine the Correlation Relationships between Them in Common Winter Wheat Varieties with Origin from Belarus . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 3(4), pp. 661-670.

Chicago 16th edition
Dimitrov, Evgeniy, Zlatina Peycheva Uhr, Nikolaya Velcheva and Krasimira Uzunova (2019). "Study of Elements of Productivity and Determine the Correlation Relationships between Them in Common Winter Wheat Varieties with Origin from Belarus ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 3 (4):661-670. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2019.217.12.

References
  1. Borojevic, Ka. and Ks. Borojevic (2005). The Transfer and History of "Reduced Height Genes" (Rht) in Wheat from Japan to Europe. J. Hered, 96 (4), 455–459. [Google Scholar]
  2. Boyadzhieva, D. (1988). Opportunities for Increasing the Efficiency of Common Winter Wheat Breeding. Zemizdat, Sofia, 141 p. [Google Scholar]
  3. Chamurliyski, P., N. Tsenov and I. Stoeva (2011). Productivity and quality of modern Bulgarian wheat bread varieties (Triticum aesitvim L.). Field Crop Stud., 7 (2), 233-241. [Google Scholar]
  4. Dencic, S. and B. Kobiljski (2010). Current Status and Trends in NS Wheat Breeding Program. UK-Eastern and Southern Europe wheat Workshop, 15-17 June, Novi Sad, Serbia. [Google Scholar]
  5. Deshmukh, S. N., M. S. Basu and P. S. Reddy (1986). Genetic variability, character association and path coefficients of quantitative traits in Virginia bunch varieties of groundnut. Indian J. Res. Agric. Sci., 56, 515-518.  [Google Scholar]
  6. Dimova, D. and E. Marinkov, 1999. Experiment and Biometrics. Academic Publishing House of AU. Plovdiv, 127-166;. [Google Scholar]
  7. Dimova, D., G. Rachovska and N. Ganusheva (2002). Characteristics of newly wheat breeding lines. Plant Sci., 39, 255-260. [Google Scholar]
  8. Donmez, E., R. G. Sears, J. P. Shroyer and G. M. Paulsen (2001). Genetic gain in yield attributes of winter wheat in the great plains, Crop Sci., 41, 1412-1419. [Google Scholar]
  9. Nikolova, E. and I. Panayotov (2008). Inheritance of quantitative traits in F1 hybrids of common winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). USB Scientific Announcements, Dobrich, 10, 11-18. [Google Scholar]
  10. Nonaka, S. (1983). History of Wheat breeding in Japan. Proc. 6th International Wheat Genetic Symposium, Кioto, Japan, 593. [Google Scholar]
  11. Rachovska, G. and Z. Uhr (2010). Inheritance, heterosis and variability of quantitative traits related to productivity in F1 hybrids of common winter wheat. Field Crop Stud., 6 (3), 361-367. [Google Scholar]
  12. Reeves, T. G., S. Rajaram, M. Van Ginkel, R. Trethowan, H. Braun and K. Cassaday (1999). New Wheats for a Secure, Sustainable Future. Mexico, D.F. CIMMYT. [Google Scholar]
  13. Slafer, G., A. R. Savin and V. Sandras (2014). Coarse and fine regulation of wheat yield components in response to genotype and environment. Field Crops Res., 157, 71-83. [Google Scholar]
  14. Stoyanov, H. (2013). Correlation between spike characteristics of common winter wheat (Triticum aesitvim L.) varieties. Breeding and genetic studies in field crops, 95-100. [Google Scholar]
  15. Zhang, W., A. Li, J. Tian, L. Zhao (2012). Development of near isogenic lines of wheat carrying different spike branching genes and their agronomic and spike characters. J. Agric. Sci., 4-8, 215-221. [Google Scholar]