Pen Academic Publishing   |  e-ISSN: 2602-4772

Original article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2019, Vol. 3(4) 591-600

After-effect of Some Herbicides and Their Mixtures with Growth Regulator and Foliar Fertilizer on the Primary Germ Weight of Cotton Seeds (Gossypium Hirsutum L.)

Teodora Barakova, Stoyan Georgiev & Grozi Delchev

pp. 591 - 600   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiaar.2019.217.5   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1811-23-0001.R1

Published online: December 10, 2019  |   Number of Views: 6  |  Number of Download: 40


Abstract

The trial was carried out during 2013-2015, with two cotton cultivars – Helius and Darmi (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Herbicides Goal 2 Е (oxifluorfen), Linuron45 SC (linuron), Wing P (pendimethalin + dimethenamid), Merlin 750 WG (izoxaflutole), Bazagran 480 SL (bentazone) were studied. These herbicides were used alone or in combinations with the growth regulator Amalgerol premium or with the foliar fertilizer Lactofol O during the budding stage of cotton. From the viewpoint of cotton growing technology, technologically the most valuable are combinations of all herbicides with Lactofol O, which are followed by Wing-P + Amalgerol, Bazagran 480 SL + Amalgerol and sole use of herbicide Wing-P on cultivar Helius. Technologically the most valuable are herbicides Goal 2 E and Wing-P and tank mixtures Goal 2 E + Amalgerol, Wing-P + Amalgerol, Merlin 750 WG + Amalgerol, Bazagran 480 SL + Amalgerol, Wing-P + Lactofol O, Merlin 750 WG + Lactofol O and Bazagran 480 SL + Lactofol O on cultivar Darmi. These variants combine biggest primary germ weight and high stability of this index during the different years. The alone use of the herbicides Linuron 45 SC and Merlin 750 WG has low assessment and should be avoided.

Keywords: Cotton, Herbicides, Foliar fertilizer, Growth regulator, Primary germ weight


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Barakova, T., Georgiev, S. & Delchev, G. (2019). After-effect of Some Herbicides and Their Mixtures with Growth Regulator and Foliar Fertilizer on the Primary Germ Weight of Cotton Seeds (Gossypium Hirsutum L.) . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 3(4), 591-600. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2019.217.5

Harvard
Barakova, T., Georgiev, S. and Delchev, G. (2019). After-effect of Some Herbicides and Their Mixtures with Growth Regulator and Foliar Fertilizer on the Primary Germ Weight of Cotton Seeds (Gossypium Hirsutum L.) . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 3(4), pp. 591-600.

Chicago 16th edition
Barakova, Teodora, Stoyan Georgiev and Grozi Delchev (2019). "After-effect of Some Herbicides and Their Mixtures with Growth Regulator and Foliar Fertilizer on the Primary Germ Weight of Cotton Seeds (Gossypium Hirsutum L.) ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 3 (4):591-600. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2019.217.5.

References
  1. Ashok, Y. (2006). Integrated control of weeds in cotton. Environ. Ecol., 24S (Special 3A), 883-885. [Google Scholar]
  2. Barakova, T. (2017). Development of elements of integrated weed control in cotton vegetation and testing of cotton genotypes (Gossypium hirsutum L.) for resistance to herbicides. Chirpan, Bulgaria, Doctoral dissertation, 164 pp. [Google Scholar]
  3. Barakova, T. and Gr. Delchev (2016). Selectivity and stability of vegetation-applied herbicides at cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Agric. Sci. Technol., 8 (2), 121-126.  [Google Scholar]
  4. Barov, V. (1982) Analysis and schemes of the field experience. Sofia, Bulgaria, NAPO, 668. [Google Scholar]
  5. Boz, O. (2000) Determination of weed flora, distribution and density of weed species occurring in cotton growing in Aydin. Turkey Herbology Dergisi, 3, 10-16. [Google Scholar]
  6. Bukun, B. (2004) Critical periods or weed control in cotton in Turkey. Weed Res., 44, 404-412. [Google Scholar]
  7. Byrd, J. and H. Coble (1991) Interference of selected weeds in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Weed Technol, 5, 263-269. [Google Scholar]
  8. Cardoso, G. D. (2011) Critical periods of weed control in naturally green coloured cotton BRS Verde. Ind. Crop. Prod., 34, 1198-1202. [Google Scholar]
  9. Gao, X. H. (2005). The effect of different mixed herbicides in controlling weeds. China Cotton, 32, 19-23.  [Google Scholar]
  10. Jiang, K. L., (2012). A study of eight foliar herbicides to control Solanum nigrum L. in cotton field. Xinjiang Agric. Sci., 49 (3), 477-481. [Google Scholar]
  11. Kang, M. (1993) Simultaneous selection for yield and stability: Consequences for growers. Agronomy J., 85, 754-757. [Google Scholar]
  12. Lidanski, T. (1988). Statistical methods in biology and agriculture, Sofia, Bulgaria,376. [Google Scholar]
  13. Salimi, H. (2006). Determination of the critical period of weed control in cotton fields (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Appl. Entomol. Phytopath., 74 (1), 35-37. [Google Scholar]
  14. Shanin, Yo. (1977). Methodology of the field experience, BAS, 384. [Google Scholar]
  15. Shukla, G. (1972). Some statistical aspects of partitioning genotype - environmental components of variability. Heredity, 29, 237-245. [Google Scholar]
  16. Vargas, R. and S. Wright (1994). Nightshade control with phrithiobace (Staple) in California. Proc. Beltwide Cotton Conferences, 1689-1691. San Diego, California, USA. [Google Scholar]
  17. Wricke, G. (1962). Über eine Methode zur Erfassung des ökologischen Straks breiten Feldersuchen. Berlin, Germany Pflanzenzurecht, 47, 92-96.    [Google Scholar]