Pen Academic Publishing   |  e-ISSN: 2602-4772

Original article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 2019, Vol. 3(3) 491-503

Forage Yield and Quality Attributes of Berseem Clover Genotypes under Mediterranean Climate

Celal Yucel

pp. 491 - 503   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiaar.2019.206.14   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1905-05-0004

Published online: September 30, 2019  |   Number of Views: 18  |  Number of Download: 53


Abstract

It is quite significant to develop annual and high-yield forage legumes to be pure-sown or intercropped with graminae species in winter cropping systems of Mediterranean region. In this sense, berseem clover is considered as a significant species for Mediterranean region. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine yield and herbage quality attributes of berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) genotypes in Çukurova region with dominant Mediterranean climate. Experiments were conducted over the experimental fields of Eastern Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute (Doğankent/Adana) in winter intermediate cropping system (November-April) of 2010-11 and 2011-12 growing seasons. Experiments were carried out in randomized blocks design with 3 replications. In the first and second year of the experiments, green herbage (GH) yields varied respectively between 53.3-79.7 and between 22.7-32.3 t/ha; dry matter (DM) yields varied respectively between 7.26-12.02 and 5.16-7.42 t/ha; crude protein (CP) ratios varied respectively between 11.37-15.39 and between 15.22-18.88%; digestible dry matter (DDM) ratios varied respectively between 61.10-68.08 and between 56.84-67.70%, acid detergent fiber (ADF) ratios varied respectively between 27.22-41.45 and between 23.07-31.41%; relative feed values (RFV) varied respectively between 99.3-155.0 and between 146.5-190.5. In both years, genotypes 3, 8, 15, 16, 17 and18 had greater DM yields than the standard cultivar and the other genotypes. These genotypes were also prominent w-for herbage quality attributes. Genotype 18 was registered under the name of “DERYA” in 2015 and the other promising genotypes are still being used in on-going breeding studies.

Keywords: Berseem Clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.), Genotype, Yield, Forage Quality


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Yucel, C. (2019). Forage Yield and Quality Attributes of Berseem Clover Genotypes under Mediterranean Climate . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 3(3), 491-503. doi: 10.29329/ijiaar.2019.206.14

Harvard
Yucel, C. (2019). Forage Yield and Quality Attributes of Berseem Clover Genotypes under Mediterranean Climate . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research, 3(3), pp. 491-503.

Chicago 16th edition
Yucel, Celal (2019). "Forage Yield and Quality Attributes of Berseem Clover Genotypes under Mediterranean Climate ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Agricultural Research 3 (3):491-503. doi:10.29329/ijiaar.2019.206.14.

References
  1. Abd El-Naby,  Z. M.,  M. N. Rajab and I. M. Ahmed (2015). Evaluation of some promising berseem  clover populations for yield, quality, genetic variability and path-coeffıcient analysis. Egypt  J. Plant Breed., 19 (1), 215-227. [Google Scholar]
  2. Abd El-Naby, Z. M., M. N. Rajab, M. E. Walaa and T. K. Abd El-Aziz (2016). Evaluation of quality characters of some Egyptian clover genotypes. Int. J. Appl. Pure Sci. Agric., 2(4).  [Google Scholar]
  3. Anlarsal, A.E., A.C. Ülger, M. Gök, C. Yücel, B. Çakır ve I. Onaç (1996). Çukurova'da tek yıllık baklagil yem bitkisi+mısır üretim sisteminde baklagillerin ot verimleri ile azot fiksasyonlarının saptanması ve mısır üretiminde azot kullanımını azaltma olanakları. Türkiye 3. Çayır- Mera ve Yem Bitkileri Kong.,17-19 Haziran 1996, Erzurum, 362-368. [Google Scholar]
  4. Annicchiarico, P. and L. Pecetti (2010). Forage and seed yield response of lucerne cultivar stochemically weeded and non-weeded managements and implications for germplasm choice in organic farming. Eur. J. Agron., 33, 74-80 [Google Scholar]
  5. Brink, G. E. and T.E. Fairbrother (1994). Cell wall composition of diverse clovers during primary spring growth. Crop Sci., 34, 1666-1671. [Google Scholar]
  6. Buxton, D. R. and J. S.  Hornstein (1986).  Cell wall concentration and components stratified canopies of alfalfa,birdsfoot trefoil and red clover. Crop Sci., 26, 180-184. [Google Scholar]
  7. Chesson, A., C. S.  Stewart  and Y.P.  King (1986). Degradation of isolated grass mesophyll, epidermis and fiber cell walls in the rumen and by rumen bacteria.  J.  Ap-pl. Bacteriol., 60, 327-336. [Google Scholar]
  8. Çelen, A.E. ve H. Soya (1997). Ege bölgesi koşullarında bazı İskenderiye üçgülü (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) çeşitlerinin adaptasyonu ve verim denemeleri, Türkiye II. Tarla Bitkileri Kongresi, 22-25 Eylül 1997, Samsun, 411-415. [Google Scholar]
  9. Çelen, A. E., H. Soya and N. Akbari (1991). Kışlık ara ürün olarak kimi üçgül+buğdaygil yem bitkilerinden yararlanma. Türkiye 2. ÇM ve Yem Bitkileri Kong., 28-31 Mayıs 1991, Gümüldür-İzmir, S:254-262. [Google Scholar]
  10. Çelen, A. E. (1998). Bazı İskenderiye üçgülü (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) çeşitlerinin tohum verimi ve verim özellikleri üzerinde araştırmalar. Anadolu, J. of AARI 8 (2), 1-7. [Google Scholar]
  11. De Santis G., A. Iannucci, D. Dantone and E. Chiaravalle (2004). Changes during growth in the nutritive value of components of berseem clover (Trifoliumal alexandrinum L.) under different cutting treatments in a Mediterranean region. Grass Forag. Sci., 59, 378-388. [Google Scholar]
  12. De Santis, G., A. Iannucci and E. Chiaravalle (2007). Changes during growth in cell wall components of berseem clover under different cutting treatments in a Mediterranean region. Ital. J. Agron. / Riv. Agron., 3, 321-331.  [Google Scholar]
  13. Goering, H.K. and P.J. Van Soest (1970). Forage fiber analyses (apparatus, reagents,procedures, and some applicatios). USDA ARS, Agric. Handb. 379. US Government Printing Office, Washington DC. [Google Scholar]
  14. Hides,  D.I., J.A. Lovatt and  M.W. Hayward (1983): Influence of stage of  maturity on the nutritive value of Italian ryegrasses. Grass Forage Sci., 38, 33-38.  [Google Scholar]
  15. Iannucci, A., N. DiFonzo and P. Martiniello (1996). Effects of harvest manegement on the growth dynamics forage and seed yield in berseem clover, European J. Argon., 14, 303-314. [Google Scholar]
  16. Jaranyama, P. and A.D. Garcia (2004). Understanding relative feed value (RFV) and relative forage quality (RFQ). College of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, South Dakota State University, USDA. [Google Scholar]
  17. Knight, W.E. (1985). Registration of bigbee clover. Crop Sci., 25, 571-572. [Google Scholar]
  18. Pal, M., V. Karthikeyapandian, V. Jain, A.C. Srivastava, A. Raj and U. K. Sengupta (2004). Biomass production and nutritional levels of berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) grown under elevated CO2. Agri. Ecosyst. Environ., 31-38. [Google Scholar]
  19. Pasha, T. N., E. C. Prigge, R.W. Russell and  W.B. Bryan (1994). Influence of moisture content of forage diets on intake and digestion by sheep. J. Anim. Sci., 72(9), 2455–2463. [Google Scholar]
  20. Pecetti, L., R. Usai, M.  Romani, P. Fraschini and M. Salis (2012). Evaluation of berseem clover (Trifoliumal exandrinum L.) germplasm in Sardinia, Italy.  Ital. J. Agron.,  7:e28; 202-205.   [Google Scholar]
  21. Putnam, D. B., W. A. Williams, W. L. Graves, L. Gibbsand and G. Peterson (1999). The potential of berseem clover varieties for California. Proceedings of the 29th California Alfalfa Symposium, December 8-9, 1999, University of California Coop. Extension, pp: 108-119. [Google Scholar]
  22. Ranjbar, G. A. (2008). Using leaf production efficiency as an effective criteri on for evaluation of berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) cultivars. J. Agric.  Soc. Sci., 4,107-111. [Google Scholar]
  23. Ranjbar, G.A. (2007). Forage and hay yield performance of different berseem clover (Trifolium alexandinum L.) genotypes in Mazandaran conditions. Asian J. Plant Sci., 6,1006-1011. [Google Scholar]
  24. Rethwish, M.D. and W.L. Graves (2000). Yield, nodulation, percent ground coverage and plant height comparisons of ten berseem clover varieties at Blythe, CA, 1988-1999. University of California Riverside County Cooperative Extension Palo Verde Valley Update Newsletter (May, 2000), pp: 2-5. [Google Scholar]
  25. Rohweder, D. A.,  R. F. Barnes and N. Jorgensen (1978). Proposed hay grading standards based on laboratory analyses for evaluating quality. J. Anim. Sci., 47 (3), 747–759 [Google Scholar]
  26. Ross, S. M., J. R. King, J.T. O`Donovan and R.C. Izaurralde (2003). Seeding rate effects in oat-berseem clover intercrops. Can. J. Plant Sci., 83, 769-778. [Google Scholar]
  27. Shenk, J. S. and M. O. Westerhaus (1994). The application of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) to forage analysis, 406–409, (1994). In: G.C. Fahey et al. (ed.) Forage quality, evaluation, and utilization. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI.  [Google Scholar]
  28. Soya, H. (1981). Sıra arası mesafesinin değişik biçim sıralarında İskenderiye üçgülü (Trifolium alexandrinum L.)’nün verim ve diğer karakterlerine etkisi. E.Ü. Ziraat Fak. Derg. 18 (1,2,3), 63-70. [Google Scholar]
  29. Soya, H., H. Geren and B. Kır, (2003). Bazı İskenderiye üçgülü çeşitlerinin verim özelliklerinin saptanması üzerine bir araştırma. Türkiye 5. Tarla Bitkileri Kong., 13-17 Ekim 2003, Diyarbakır, 322-325. [Google Scholar]
  30. Tansı, V.,  A. E. Anlarsal, T. Sağlamtimur and H. Gülcan  (1989). Çukurova’da üç İskenderiye üçgülü çeşidinde farklı biçim yüksekliklerinin verim ve verim unsurlarına etkisi üzerinde bir araştırma. Ç.Ü. Ziraat Fak. Derg., 4 (5):69-82. [Google Scholar]
  31. Tucak, M., S. Popovıć, T.  Čupıć, V.  Španıć and V. Meglıč (2013). Variation in yield, forage quality and morphological traits of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) breeding populations and cultivars. Zemdirbyste-Agric., 100 (1), 63-70. [Google Scholar]
  32. Vasilakogloua, I. and K. Dhima (2008). Forage yield and competition indices of berseem clover intercropped with barley. Agron. J. 100 (6),1749–1756. [Google Scholar]
  33. Wilson J.R., H. Denium and  E.M. Engels (1991). Temperature effect on anatomy and digestibility of leaf and stem of tropical and temperate forage species. Nether. J. Agric. Sci., 39, 31-48.  [Google Scholar]
  34. Yücel, C. (2005). Çayır üçgülünde (Trifolium pratense L.) verim ve verimle ilgili özelliklerin korelasyon ve path analizi. Ç. Ü. Ziraat Fak. Derg., 20(3), 63-72. [Google Scholar]
  35. Yücel, C., M. Avcı, İ. İnal and M. R. Akkaya (2016). İskenderiye üçgülü (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) Islah Çalışmaları. Proje Sonuç Raporu. TAGEM/TA/11/01/003. [Google Scholar]
  36. Yücel, C., İ. İnal, D. Yucel and R. Hatipoğlu (2018a). Effects of mixtureratioandcutting time on forage yield and silage quality of intercropped Berseem clover and Italian ryegrass. Legume Res., 41 (5), 1-8.  [Google Scholar]
  37. Yücel, C.,  M.  Avcı, H. Yucel, U. Sevilmiş and  R. Hatipoğlu (2018b). Effects of seed mixture ratio and harvest time on forage yield and silage quality of intercropped berseem clover with triticale, Fresen. Environ. Bull., 27 (8), 5312-5322. [Google Scholar]